Diabetes is undoubtedly one of the major health problems mankind struggles in the 21st century. Just because it is a major problem it is very important to understand the extent of this disease and its consequences in order to fight it. Before presenting the main statistics, it is necessary to define this disease.
Diabetes mellitus (DZ) is a chronic disease in which the body can not use glucose in the diet.
Glucose is the body’s main energy source, but in order to be used, it must enter into cells. The entry of glucose into cells is done using insulin, the hormone secreted by the pancreas.
Diabetes occurs when the body does not produce enough insulin or does not use it properly. High blood glucose levels cause severe complications. The main consequences of this disease include heart disease, vision problems and even blindness, kidney failure.
For a better understanding of the impact of this disease on the health of people around the world, here are some interesting figures and statistics.
We present you 27 facts about diabetes you probably did not know.
1. The role of the pancreas in preventing diabetes was discovered in 1889 by researchers Joseph von Mering and Oskar Minkowski.
2. In 1922, Leonard Thompson became the first insulin-treated patient in history.
3. The distinction between what we know today as type 1 and type 2 diabetes appeared in 1936 after the publication of a scientific paper by Harold Percival Himsworth.
7. According to 2014 data, there are 422 million cases worldwide.
8. If the current trend remains, by 2025 some 700 million people will be affected by this disease.
9. The number of people showing symptoms of this disease has increased four times compared to 1980.
10. About 193,000 young people in the US are diagnosed with the disease. (0.24% of the total population).
12. Of the estimated cases, 8.1 million Americans have not yet been diagnosed and therefore do not know whether they have the symptoms or not.
13. At 12.8% of its adults, Turkey has the highest diabetes rates of total population in Europe.
16. West Virginia is the US state with the highest diabetes rates in 2016.
17. In 1994, only 5.5% of the Americans were diagnosed with this disease.
18. Diabetes is the seventh leading cause of death in the United States.
20. Experts recommend 30 minutes of exercise every day to keep blood sugar levels under control.
21. 322 billion dollars: total cost of diabetes in the USA in 2017.
23. 400-500$ dollars the average price of insulin today.
26. Mortality caused by high glucose rates is higher in upper-middle income countries(1.5 million of the total deaths in 2012).