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    30 funny cat GIFs that will brighten your day

    30 funny cat GIFs that will brighten your day

    Cats are very popular on the internet. In fact, cats are believed to be the kings of the internet. Seriously! I mean, it looks like it is true.
    The internet is full of hilarious moments with cats, funny moments that make us smile when we are stressed or just do not have a good mood.

    Maybe you ask why cats are so special? 

    Virtually all the possible things you can imagine! Being funny and very curious, they always look for new ways to keep themselves entertained and active. Even their owners are taken by surprise when they learn about their funny failures.
    They climb on pieces of furniture, do things, they do not calculate distances very well, they hate to swim, they fight other animals or try to make new friends in totally unconventional ways.
    Because funny cats are everywhere on the internet, I thought it would be a good idea to collect in this article several funny cat GIFs that I like and guaranteed to make you laugh hard. These cat GIFs are chosen by me personally and are the best and funniest!

    1. Baby knocked out by a cat.
    funny cat gifs 12. This is my box! Get out!two cats and one box3. Never neglect your cat. The owner found out why. cat revenge gif4. One cat, a laser. Time for bowling. bowling cat gif5. Cat or bear. Place your bets!6. Cat and printer. What can go wrong?cat scared by printer7. Cats are not ready for Robot Apocalypse.cats scared by robots8. Cat steals dog’s bed.

    cat and dog fight for bed9. I hate this music. Stop it! You have no talent!cat doesn't like music10. Epic cat faceplant.Cat faceplant11. Why did the cat go up the ladder?Cat on a ladder12. Why cats are afraid of cucumbers?cat vs cucumber13. Do not bring the cat in the kitchen … too late!cat in the kitchen fail14. We all know what happens when cats discover their reflections.Cat vs mirror15. I told you not to watch horror movies!cat watching horror movie16. Future Rocky Balboa.best cat gifs17. Cat discovers the windshield wipers.cat vs rain sweeper18. Human! Give me food.cat begging for food19. I wonder how he managed to get in there?cats can enter anywhere20. Probably the laziest cat in the world.lazy cat21. Gravity, the great enemy of cats.

    cats can't defy gravity22. Only in Russia can happen.cats in russia, from love to hate23. I will teach you a lesson.Dog surprized by cat24. Tom and Jerry in real life.

    tom and jerry in real life25. Some cats are truly evil.

    cats are evil26. When you’re caught in the act, but you have a secret weapon.when you get caught in the act27. Ninja cat in action.Ninja cat28. This is Sparta! Cat version.This is Sparta, cat version29. 3 cats, one dog, guess what is next? cat gifs that will make you laugh30. Guess who interrupts the yoga class?

    Yoga and cats don't mix




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    ISIS uses Mad Max car bombs in Iraq and Syria

    ISIS uses Mad Max car bombs in Iraq and Syria
    cars modified by ISIS 1 cars modified by ISIS 1
    cars modified by ISIS 2 cars modified by ISIS 2
    cars modified by ISIS 3 cars modified by ISIS 3
    cars modified by ISIS 4 cars modified by ISIS 4
    cars modified by ISIS 5 cars modified by ISIS 5
    cars modified by ISIS 6 cars modified by ISIS 6
    cars modified by ISIS 7 cars modified by ISIS 7
    cars modified by ISIS 8 cars modified by ISIS 8
    cars modified by ISIS 9 cars modified by ISIS 9
    cars modified by ISIS 10 cars modified by ISIS 10
    cars modified by ISIS 11 cars modified by ISIS 11
    cars modified by ISIS 12 cars modified by ISIS 12

    Terrorists from ISIS began to lose ground in the war in Iraq and Syria. American forces, along with local troops, discover horrible things about the Inferno that these terrorists have unleashed during terrain recovery: from common graves with hundreds of victims to car parks left behind by terrorists.

    A set of photos shows some of the modified cars of ISIS. They are ordinary cars transformed either in armored or in kamikaze cars meant to carry hundreds of kilograms of explosives that are then detonated with a suicidal driver on board.

    We can see in these images a Kia Sportage, a second-generation Hyundai Santa Fe, and a first-generation Hyundai. Otherwise, it is not clear what cars are hiding under massive armor. But, of course, civilian cars are turned into war machines. Some are equipped with weapons, others are only armored so they will not be affected by bullets until they reach the destination, where they have to be detonated and make havoc.

    These cars were tuned quickly and easily. With large pieces of thick steel sheet, covering all the exterior panels of the car. In some cases, no wheels are seen, and the driver has a small hole through which he can look forward. However, it seems that these cars have not started to be used. Maybe you wonder why these machines were not used during the fighting in Mosul?

    The first and perhaps the best reason is that the engines of these vehicles are broken.

    The second reason is that the armor that made them invincible to the bullets and enemy projectiles has contributed to their poor mobility and technical problems.

    Fortunately, the massive front armor seems to not let the engine cool, and it glows and eventually drops. And until the terrorists managed to install other engines, the good guys came and found them in time to prevent further innocent victims.

    Source: reuters.com

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    80 great Sun Tzu quotes that will help you conquer all obstacles

    80 great Sun Tzu quotes that will help you conquer all obstacles

    Sun Tzu was a Chinese general who lived more than 2,500 years ago, possibly during the 6th century BC. To this day, his advice inspires legions of leaders to motivate others to success, honor, and glory in their different metrics and forms.

    The Art of War is one of the oldest war treaties, if not more. Although military tactics and conditions have changed since the time of Sun Tzu, his teachings would have influenced, according to the Encyclopaedia Britannica, some modern generals like Mao Zedong in the battle against the Japanese and Chinese nationalists, and it would be possible to imagine that they had helped several other leaders in recent wars.

    Considering the current social and geopolitical context, we can say that today, this book is destined to be a guide for another type of war: that of companies in the business world.Thus, The Art of War serves as a handbook for both military strategists and economists.

    Here are 80 great Sun Tzu quotes that will help you conquer all obstacles and succeed every time:

    1.“Know yourself and you will win all battles.”Sun-Tzu-quotes2.“So in war, the way is to avoid what is strong, and strike at what is weak.”

    3.“You have to believe in yourself.”

    4.“Ponder and deliberate before you make a move.”

    5.“ Thus the expert in battle moves the enemy, and is not moved by him.”

    6.“Bravery without forethought, causes a man to fight blindly and desperately like a mad bull. Such an opponent, must not be encountered with brute force, but may be lured into an ambush and slain.”

    7.“Great results, can be achieved with small forces.”Sun Tzu: Great results, can be achieved with small forces.8.“Disorder came from order, fear came from courage, weakness came from strength.”

    9.“Do not swallow bait offered by the enemy. Do not interfere with an army that is returning home.”

    10.“Mystify, mislead, and surprise the enemy.”Sun-Tzu-powerful-quotes11.“When one treats people with benevolence, justice, and righteousness, and reposes confidence in them, the army will be united in mind and all will be happy to serve their leaders.”

    12.“Begin by seizing something which your opponent holds dear; then he will be amenable to your will.”

    13.“Keep your friends close, and your enemies closer.” Sun-Tzu-quotes14.“ Move not unless you see an advantage; use not your troops unless there is something to be gained; fight not unless the position is critical.”

    15.“If you know yourself but not the enemy, for every victory gained you will also suffer a defeat.”

    16.“Attack is the secret of defense; defense is the planning of an attack.”

    17.“Victorious warriors win first and then go to war, while defeated warriors go to war first and then seek to win.”

    18.“To win one hundred victories in one hundred battles is not the acme of skill. To subdue the enemy without fighting is the acme of skill.”Sun Tzu quotes that will motivate you19.“If there is disturbance in the camp, the general’s authority is weak.”

    20.“The wise warrior avoids the battle.”
    21.“Who does not know the evils of war cannot appreciate its benefits.”

    22.“The control of a large force is the same principle as the control of a few men: it is merely a question of dividing up their numbers.”

    23.“If ignorant both of your enemy and yourself, you are certain to be in peril.”

    24.“He who is prudent and lies in wait for an enemy who is not, will be victorious.”Sun Tzu quotes of the day25.“Regard your soldiers as your children, and they will follow you into the deepest valleys; look on them as your own beloved sons, and they will stand by you even unto death.”

    26.“Every battle is won before it’s ever fought.”

    27.“The rising of birds in their flight is the sign of an ambuscade. Startled beasts indicate that a sudden attack is coming.”

    28.“To fight and conquer in all your battles is not supreme excellence; supreme excellence consists in breaking the enemy’s resistance without fighting.”
    29.“Victory usually goes to the army who has better trained officers and men.”

    30.“One who speaks deferentially but increases his preparations will advance. One who speaks belligerently and advances hastily will retreat.”

    31.“If you are far from the enemy, make him believe you are near.”

    32.“Appear weak when you are strong, and strong when you are weak.”Sun Tzu quotes you need to know33.“Foreknowledge cannot be gotten from ghosts and spirits, cannot be had by analogy, cannot be found out by calculation. It must be obtained from people, people who know the conditions of the enemy.”

    34.“In the midst of chaos, there is also opportunity.”

    35.“Do many calculations lead to victory, and few calculations to defeat.”

    36.“A leader leads by example, not by force.”

    37.“Rewards for good service should not be deferred a single day.”

    38.“When the enemy is relaxed, make them toil. When full, starve them. When settled, make them move.”

    39.“The whole secret lies in confusing the enemy, so that he cannot fathom our real intent.”

    40.“What the ancients called a clever fighter is one who not only wins, but excels in winning with ease.”

    41.“The greatest victory is that which requires no battle.”

    42.“It is easy to love your friend, but sometimes the hardest lesson to learn is to love your enemy.”

    43.“The opportunity to secure ourselves against defeat lies in our own hands, but the opportunity of defeating the enemy is provided by the enemy himself.”

    44.“If you know the enemy and know yourself you need not fear the results of a hundred battles.”

    45.“When your army has crossed the border, you should burn your boats and bridges, in order to make it clear to everybody that you have no hankering after home.”

    46.“He will win who, prepared himself, waits to take the enemy unprepared.”

    47.“He who advances without seeking fame, Who retreats without escaping blame, He whose one aim is to protect his people and serve his lord, The man is a jewel of the Realm.”

    48.“He will win who knows when to fight and when not to fight.”Sun-Tzu-great-quotes49.“Confront them with annihilation, and they will then survive; plunge them into a deadly situation, and they will then live. When people fall into danger, they are then able to strive for victory.”

    50.“Success in warfare is gained by carefully accommodating ourselves to the enemy’s purpose.”

    51.“If the enemy opens the door, you must race in.”

    52.“Strategy without tactics is the slowest route to victory. Tactics without strategy is the noise before defeat.”

    53.“You can prevent your opponent from defeating you through the defense, but you cannot defeat him without taking the offensive.”

    54.“The worst calamities that befall an army arise from hesitation.”

    55.“Let your plans be dark and impenetrable as night, and when you move, fall like a thunderbolt.”

    56.“If a battle can not be won do not fight it. ”

    57.“Hence that general is skillful in attack whose opponent does not know what to defend, and he is skillful in defense whose opponent does not know what to attack.”

    58.“Pretend inferiority and encourage his arrogance. ”

    59.“If your opponent is of choleric temper, seek to irritate him. Pretend to be weak, that he may grow arrogant.”

    60.“Opportunities multiply as they are seized.” Sun-Tzu-motivational-quotes61.“Water shapes its course according to the nature of the ground over which it flows; the soldier works out his victory in relation to the foe whom he is facing.”

    62.“Invincibility lies in the defense; the possibility of victory in the attack.”

    63.“But a kingdom that has once been destroyed can never come again into being; nor can the dead ever be brought back to life.”

    64.“If his forces are united, separate them.”
    65.“You can be sure of succeeding in your attacks if you only attack places which are undefended.”
    66.“Conceal your dispositions, and your condition will remain secret, which leads to victory; show your dispositions, and your condition will become patent, which leads to defeat.”
    67.“Be where your enemy is not.”
    68.“In battle, there are not more than two methods of attack–the direct and the indirect; yet these two in combination give rise to an endless series of maneuvers.”
    69.“So there are five ways of knowing who will win. Those who know when to fight and when not to fight are victorious. Those who discern when to use many or few troops are victorious. Those whose upper and lower ranks have the same desire are victorious.”
    70.“In war, then, let your great object be victory, not lengthy campaigns.”
    71.“Can you imagine what I would do if I could do all I can?”

    72.“The art of giving orders is not to try to rectify the minor blunders and not to be swayed by petty doubts.”

    73.“To know your Enemy, you must become your Enemy.”

    74.“It is only the enlightened ruler and the wise general who will use the highest intelligence of the army for the purposes of spying, and thereby they achieve great results.”

    75.“It is the rule in war, if our forces are ten to the enemy’s one, to surround him; if five to one, to attack him; if twice as numerous, to divide our army into two.” Sun Tzu important quotes 76.“Order or disorder depends on organization; courage or cowardice on circumstances; strength or weakness on dispositions.”

    77.“By reinforcing every part, he weakens every part.”

    78.“Of old the expert in battle would first make himself invincible and then wait for his enemy to expose his vulnerability.”

    79.“ Move swift as the Wind and closely-formed as the Wood. Attack like the Fire and be still as the Mountain.”

    80.“Quickness is the essence of the war.”






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    20 funny news bloopers GIFs that will entertain you

    20 funny news bloopers GIFs that will entertain you

     Television has been an endless source of funny moments and bloopers. Despite advances made by technology, they continue to appear, especially during live broadcasts. News bloopers can not be missed in the history of television. To the exasperation of the protagonists, they always make the audience laugh hard. There is no reporter or presenter who has not experienced anything unusual during the live broadcast.We present you 20 news bloopers GIFs that will make your day more beautiful:

    1. Are you sure you did not forget something? This journalist deserves a prize for this reaction.

    news bloopers gifs (1)2. Journalist vs snowplow. Guess who wins?

    news bloopers gif(2)3. Blonde and fish, the perfect combination for a fail.

    news bloopers: journalist fish fail4. Journalist scared during the live broadcast.

    news bloopers gifs(4)5. Wrong place, wrong time.

    news bloopers gifs(5)6. Live broadcast during a storm. What can go wrong?

    news bloopers gifs(6)7. True fans, I hope their team won the match.

    news bloopers gifs(7)8. Spiderman saves the situation. Or maybe not…

    news bloopers spiderman fail9. Get out of the way!!! Too late.

    news bloopers fail gif10. Do not send him to the war zone.

    news bloopers bugs gif11. News Journal on Halloween. Guess what’s coming?

    news bloopers gif(8)12. Who’s hiding under the journalist’s table?

    dog interrupts news gif13. Mega fail or win?

    BBC fail gif14. A little technical problem or colleagues wanted to laugh?

    news bloopers gifs (9)15. This journalist is frightened by his own shadow.

    journalist attacked by bugs gif16. Who said that laughter is not contagious?

    journalist laughs live tv gif17. If you’re afraid of spiders do not look.

    news bloopers gif(10)18. Reporter knocked by sled.

    Journalist vs sled19. Do you think reporters are safe? Think again!

    Reporter knocked by skateboard20. Just a little tarantula. I`m not scared.

    news bloopers gifs

    Source: https://www.youtube.com/user/NewsBeFunny













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    Infographic: 9 dangerous habits that can damage your liver

    liver disease causes

    9 food habits that can damage your liver

    The liver is the largest internal organ in the body and is involved in many functions, such as digestion, metabolism, storage of nutrients, and the removal of toxins.

    There are many foods and habits that can damage the liver:

    1. Excessive sweets consumption

    Too much sugar has a negative impact on the body, especially fructose, which is difficult to assimilate, being transformed into fat that is deposited on the organ, producing liver steatosis.

    This is why moderate consumption of candy or confectionery containing sugar is indicated.

    2. Sedentarism

    This is the main cause of obesity. An obese person also has an increased risk of developing non-alcoholic steatosis and, ultimately, of cirrhosis. The risk is higher if overweight people suffer from diabetes.

    It is important to remember that these liver disorders can be prevented by combating sedentarism and eating a healthy diet. That’s why it is very important to practice regular physical activities, regardless of their type.

    3. Supplements in excess

    Even if they have a beneficial role in the health of the body, taken in excess and especially without the recommendation of a doctor, vitamin supplements can cause liver disease. The most dangerous for the liver are vitamin A supplements.

    4. Automation with analgesics

    There are people who have the habit of taking analgesics without any medical recommendation and for any pain. Frequently taken without the recommendation of the family doctor, analgesics can destroy the liver.

    Also excessive drug use, such as antidepressants, corticosteroids can cause liver damage

    5. Excessive drinking

    This is a real enemy of the liver. More specifically, alcohol absorption by the liver favors the appearance of fatty liver, inflammation of the liver and eventually the onset of cirrhosis.

    6. Avoiding breakfast

    Each person has a limited, low glucose reserve in the morning and if he does not eat anything at breakfast, the liver will not have the energy necessary for optimal functioning.

    You should never omit breakfast because you will not get the energy you need for the activities scheduled on that day.

    7. Salt in excess

    Excessive salt intake increases blood pressure, but can also lead to certain liver diseases caused by water retention in the body.

    8. Unhealthy food

    Many foods are harmful to the body today.

    Also, people’s habit of fasting, stressing, jumping over the main meals, and replacing healthy, home-cooked foods with fast-food can cause some liver-related complications.

    9. Fizzy drinks

    There are studies showing that a lot of carbonated beverages increases the risk of liver steatosis. It is advisable to avoid consuming these drinks and replace them with natural, home-made juices.



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    The victory of the Cuban revolution in color photos

    Victory of the Cuban revolution surprised in unique photos

    Beginning of the Cuban Revolution

    On August 5, 1951, Eduardo Chibas, leader of the Cuban Orthodox Party committed suicide during a radio broadcast. Chibas was probably the most important Cuban leader at that time, recognized for criticizing government corruption and gangsterism.

    Before shooting himself, Eduardo Chibas announced that Fulgencio Batista was planning to take power through a military coup. On March 10, 1952, three months before presidential elections, Fulgencio Batista staged a coup with the support of the army and took power.

    Eager to consolidate its regime, Batista has adopted a hard line against the Communist Party and other opposition movements. The US, fearing the rise of communism in Cuba, chose to support the dictatorial regime.

    In this context, on July 26, 1953, Fidel Castro organized the assault on the Moncada barracks in Santiago de Cuba, the second largest military garrison in the country, an action that would be the beginning of popular insurrection to overthrow the dictatorship, but his failure temporary reinforced the regime. Unable to oppose Batista, Fidel Castro fled to Mexico.

    Victory of the Cuban Revolution

    In Mexico, Castro organized the expedition of the Gramma yacht that landed in Cuba in November 1956. Despite its initial defeat, Castro and his 26th of July Movement (M-26) created a guerrilla force in Sierra Maestra, Oriente province. This would be the main base of the Rebel army.

    From 1956 until 1958, the armed forces led by the dictator Batista tried unsuccessfully to destroy the Rebel base. Also, the general strikes of city workers and peasants from sugar fields played an important role in the victory of the Cuban revolution.

    After defeating the military siege on Sierra Maestra, at the end of 1958, the columns of the Rebel Army led by Che Guevarra and Camilo Cienfuegos defeated Batista’s army in the battle of Santa Clara.This decisive victory of the insurgents has accelerated the fall of Batista’s regime. A five-day general strike made it possible for the insurgents to enter Havana in January 1959, marking the end of the dictatorship.

    Main consequences of the Cuban Revolution:

    -Cuba becomes the first communist state in the Western Hemisphere.

    -nationalization of the industry.

    a new agrarian reform. The properties were to be redistributed and foreigners were no longer allowed to buy Cuban land

    -education and health have become the main priorities of the government led by Castro.

    -mass literacy campaigns were launched, new schools and universities were created

    -free services were established (water, electricity, gas, telephones).

    -the revolutionary government tried to reduce wage differences between workers.

    -approximately 1 million Cubans, dissatisfied with Fidel Castro’s policies, have left the country.

    -the US issued an economic, commercial and financial embargo against Cuba.

    For a better understanding of the most important historical event in Cuba, here are some unique photos that show us the triumph of the Cuban Revolution:

    Photos source: http://www.vintag.es/2013/01/cuban-revolution-in-color-photos.html

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    10 technologies that changed the course of history

    Technologies that changed the course of history

    10: Chariots

    technologies that changed the course of history 1The battle chariot is the earliest and easiest type of carriage used by the ancient peoples for both military and civilian purposes. The first battle chariots were built in Mesopotamia starting with 3000 BC. And in China during the second millennium BC

    Starting with 1800 BC However, the chariots developed, dropped in weight and fitted with spiked wheels. The top performers were so light that the driver could lift them overhead. The leader, along with an archer, stood behind the horse-drawn cart. Thus, the chariot has become a fast fighting machine. For pedestrian soldiers, chariots became a nightmare – while sharp-bladed wheels were making a bloody road between them, they were hit by the arrows drawn by the archers or were simply crushed by them. The use of battlefields quickly spread from the West Asia and Egypt to India, China, and Europe. Rich states built thousands of chariots, which dominated the Middle East struggles between 1800-1200 BC.

    9: Gunpowder

    technologies that changed the course of history 2Gunpowder, also known as the black powder (Schwarzpulver) was the first explosive substation discovered by humans and is now only used in pyrotechnics for the production of fireworks missiles.

    Once spread, gunpowder allowed the civilized peoples of Europe and Asia to dominate the barbarians. On the other hand, it brought the end of the longest-running empire in history.

    Because of the fortifications in his capital, Constantinople, the Byzantine Empire was unbeatable. The three layers of walls made Constantinople the most fortified city. No siege equipment in the world of those times could break through these walls. However, the Turks led by Mohammed II brought 8-meter cannons and with the help of gunpowder, pulled the massive guns to the walls, demolishing them. It marked the end of the Byzantine Empire and the medieval battle style, based on defensive defenses on the fortified castles.

    Rifle dust until today’s explosives are discovered is the only explosive material used in artillery or other firearms. In the first half of the nineteenth century, nitroglycerin and dynamite were gradually introduced. Today gunpowder is used only for the production of fireworks missiles.

    8. Rifle gun barrelsWhitworth rifle


    During the American Independence War, colonial troops used the Brown Bess muskets. In terms of a musket with a muzzle-loading smoothbore, the precision and maximum efficiency were very small (50-100 yards or 91. The bullet trajectory of these weapons was not right. The situation would change with the evolution of weapons using polygonal rifling. During the American Civil War, the Confederate troops used Whitworth rifles that had this technology. The effective range of the Whitworth rifle was between 730-910 meters, a big difference from the weapons used in the war of independence.

    By adding grooves to the barrel of a weapon the precision is dramatically increased, also the resistance of the gun is not affected.

    Groove barrels also revolutionized artillery and naval warfare. The enemy could shoot without seeing each other from great distances.

    7. Internal combustion engine

    technologies that changed the course of history 4The internal combustion engine has changed the size and speed of wars, from World War I to the present. During the first global conflagration, the machine gunners waited in front of the carts drawn by the horses to bring the necessary ammunition.

    During the Second World War, German troops were driving their camps at distances of up to 97 km per day, thus conquering the territory from the Polish border to Moscow in only six months. By the end of the war, one of the first V-2 ballistic missiles could destroy a target 322 km away in just 5 minutes.

    Internal rotary internal combustion engines are used on a smaller scale due to high technological problems and lower reliability. The most common type of rotary internal combustion engine is the Wankel engine, but there are other solutions, for example with scissor bits, or with various other systems.

    6. Aircraft

    technologies that changed the course of history 5An aircraft is any equipment capable of moving through the air to carry out a useful transport and keeping it in the air is carried out by means of other air reactions than those on the ground suction.

    Airplanes led the war in the sky. Italy was the first country to use aircraft for military purposes.

    During the war for the conquest of Libya against Turkey in 1911, the Italians sent planes to find, pose and Turkish bombing targets. At the beginning of the First World War, Germany, Austro-Hungary, France and the United Kingdom had hundreds of airplanes in the Air Force. Initially, planes were sent only for spying.

    In the Second World War, the US bombed Tokyo, killing 80,000 people and leaving another 1 million homeless. Eventually, bomber Enola Gay launched an atomic bomb, killing over 100,000 civilians and injuring many thousands.

    5. Radio

    technologies that changed the course of history 6At the beginning of the 20th century, radio systems transmitted messages only in the Morse Code. The first attempts to develop an amplitude modulation system for voice and music were demonstrated in 1900 and 1906, but they were not too successful. World War I accelerated the development of radio for military purposes, and in that era, the first vacuum tubes were installed in transmitters and radio receivers. Electronic amplification has been a crucial improvement in moving from an expert experimental practice to a home appliance.

    After the war, in the 1920s, commercial radio broadcasting started and became a media environment for news and entertainment.

    World War II has accelerated the development of radio for war purposes in air and ground communications, radio and radar navigation. After the war, the television experiments that were interrupted were resumed, so it became an important entertainment environment at home.

    To coordinate their movements, pilots, and soldiers communicated by radio. Using the Blitzkrieg, the German army marched through the Netherlands, Belgium, and France in just 10 days.

    4. Microwave radar

    technologies that changed the course of history 7The radar has radically changed both the defensive and the offensive. It was the first personalized view of the enemy. Even during the First World War, surveillance of the enemy involved the stationing of a soldier in the field looking through binoculars and reporting what he saw by phone to his commander.

    The radar also changed the face of the naval war. During the Second World War, the German submarines torpedoed British and American ships crossing the Atlantic. But once equipped with radar airplanes, they could spot and bomb the submarines.

    3. Nuclear Weapons

    technologies that changed the course of history 8For hundreds of years, military theorists have been talking about a weapon so terrible that no one can use it. Finally, everyone agrees that nuclear weapons can not be used. They have, however, been used against people twice.

    In 1945, the US launched two atomic bombs on Japan to put an end to their resistance. The use of the bombs marked the end of WWII. The Little Boy, the first of the bombs, contained fissionable uranium, and at the time of the explosion sent a shock wave over Hiroshima, killing 90,000 people. The second bomb, “Fat Man”, contained fissionable plutonium, the explosion killing 35,000 people in Nagasaki.

    2. Spy satellites

    technologies that changed the course of history 9The US launched the espionage program via the Discoverer satellite, which allowed it to observe the speed at which the Soviets were creating the missiles and to what targets they were aimed at. Discoverer 4, the first US space camera, was launched in 1959 but did not get into orbit, but Discoverer 14 was released in 1960 and transmitted images. But paranoia was reciprocal, with the Americans being watched by USSR`s espionage satellites.

    Contemporary spy satellites can do much more than just taking pictures. They can also collect phone, radio or internet signals.

    1. Global Positioning System – GPS

    technologies that changed the course of history 10The first GPS system, “Jones Live Map,” was invented by J.W. Jones, in 1909. The device was the first automotive guide system consisting of several discs printed with maps that showed the driver the direction by handling special dials. The discs covered 100 miles of well-known roads, mapped by The Touring Club of America. Every 100 miles, the disk had to be changed. Until 1919, the system invented by Jones covered more than 500 US routes from New York to Los Angeles.

    It best illustrated this change in the Gulf War, Iraqi’s advantage of fighting on its own land in the desert, being annihilated by the GPS, allowing Americans to move lightly, even at night or during sand storms. Moreover, they always knew precisely the location and position of the enemy.

    At the same time, GPS has increased the precision of air strikes. Satellites map targets and guide bombs and missiles, minimizing collateral damage and civilian casualties.




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    Rush for Berlin: Soviet Campaign walkthrough

    Rush for Berlin Soviet Campaign

    Are you interested in video games whose action takes place during the Second World War? You should try Rush for Berlin. In this game, the player has the option to choose between four major campaigns in the Second World War: Russian, German, Allies, and French. In this Rush for Berlin game walkthrough, I will cover the Soviet campaign. Why? Because I think it is the most important of the whole war. If you want to become a master in this game, this walkthrough might be useful:

    General observations:

    – best Soviet combat units: IS-2, recon cars and katyusha rocket launchers.

    – most powerful Nazi weapons: howitzers, Jagdtigers and Panther V tanks.
    – at the end of each mission you get medals depending on performance.
    – the end-of-mission score is also performance-related.
    -you can see the performance, looking at the top bar of the game during a mission.
    – you are deprived of heavy artillery support in the struggle against the Nazis. To compensate for the lack of artillery, try to use recon cars and katyushas.

    -do not launch an attack with a single type of unit. For example, an attack only with tanks has a good chance of failure.

    -Rush for Berlin focuses more on tank and infantry battles. Aviation and artillery have a secondary role.

    -In Rush for Berlin campaigns, frontal assaults is a good way to loose most of your troops, always try to find an alternative way. Try to flank the enemy troops.

    1) Neutralize the German Howitzers
    Optional Objectives:
    1)Lead at least one tank throw the marshlands
    -wait for the arrival of the armor at the beginning of the mission. This way both vehicles will survive at the end of the mission.
    Secret objectives:
    1)Destroy 4 German panzers.
    - The panzers are along the trail on the frozen lake.
    Fortunately, they are all blocked in ice and can be destroyed by infantry.
    2)Forester Found
    On the briefing part of the mission, select the political officer, medic, and soldiers and press the start button.
    Rush for Berlin: The initial position of your troops.
    The initial position of your troops.
     You start the mission on the eastern side of the map. You have 4 infantry units, a doctor and an officer, be careful not to lose them. Two T-34 tanks will join, but they will not be immediately under your command. If you want to get control, you need to complete the secondary goal. To guide the tanks, you must light the firewood to indicate the correct route.
    Resistance at the beginning of the mission is minimal (4 German soldiers and two wolf packs).
    Visit the southwestern village of the minimap to get the right route for your tanks.
    Rush for Berlin mission one: Forester Found
    Rush for Berlin mission one: Forester Found
    There is an agent in the village who will give you the details. Immediately on the minimap, there will be yellow flashes with the correct locations for the tanks.
    Now the difficult part of the mission begins. In the swamp, there are four blocked Germans and some German infantry units.
    Rush for Berlin:First German panzer position
    First German panzer position
     Do not attack them all at the same time. Try to attack them separately. And very important, make sure your doctor stays alive.
    With the officer and the 4 infantry units, they quickly approach each panzer. Infantry units when near a tank start to use the mines to blow it up.
    Rush for Berlin: Second german tank position
    Second German tank position
     From my point of view, this goal is easy to reach and you can finish it before the main ones.
    Complete the route to get the tanks. Unfortunately for me, only one tank will be able to pass well over this stage.
    Rush for Berlin gameplay screenshot
    T-34 under your command.
    Now with your tank and infantry units, you can attack the German base. Its defense is weak (some units of infantry, 2 snipers and one officer).
    To neutralize the Nazi Howitzers simply right click on them to attack them and your troops will do the rest. The mission will end when German artillery is completely destroyed. A cutscene will appear with the supply train to Leningrad.
    1) Contact the partisan leader
    2) Stop the train
    3) Save at least two blast furnace
    Optional Objectives:
    1)Capture the artillery
    Secret objective:
    Save all blast furnaces
    This is the initial position of your troops when you meet the partisan leader, you will get reinforcements.
    Rush for Berlin: Sovier Campaign mission 2
    The initial position of your troops in this mission
    Your immediate goal is to stop the Germans, the train transport uranium so it's vital.
    Rush for Berlin: Soviet Campaign mission 2
    The position of the partisan leader
    The road to the train is covered by two German bunkers and an outpost. You can attack them directly with your forces, the losses should be minimal. When you get into the base, a stopwatch will start. If you fail to finish your goal before time runs out, you lose your mission.
    Once you have overcome this obstacle, go to the yellow spot to change the switch so the train does not leave.
    Rush for Berlin Russian Campaign
    Location of the train you need to stop
    After you have changed the switch you have to act quickly, remove the German troops near the blasts and ensure their defense. The Germans will send five engineers to destroy them. You have to find them in time and eliminate them all before they reach the factories. If they manage to get near buildings they will put bombs and your mission will end with a defeat.
    Do not leave any factory without defense.
    Rush for Berlin: Blast Furnance mission
    Blast Furnance location
     You need 2 infantry units at each factory and you can use the sniper successfully. Also, the T-34 tank, if still intact, can be used to detect saboteurs.
    1) Destroy 50% of the enemy boats before they escape
    2) Capture the bunkers in order to destroy more boats
    Optional objectives:
    1)Capture the Factory
    2)Capture the Lighthouse
    Secret objectives
    Things now get complicated. Sevastopol is full of tanks, anti-tank guns, and traps for your armor.
    You have at the beginning of the mission of 3 T-34 tanks and one SU-72. Use them with caution. If damaged, repair them with tractors.
    Rush for Berlin, russian campaign, mission 3
    Start your attack from this position
    To begin with, conquer the bunkers indicated on the map with the letter B. Each bunker is guarded by tanks and German anti-tank weapons. Also, the bunkers are garrisoned, so you have to bomb them to force the Germans to evacuate them.
    It's best to use a combination of infantry and tanks. Do not attack targets only with tanks, otherwise you risk losing them all.
    When you conquer a bunker, order an infantry unit to enter it. Put a standard infantry unit in each bunker.
    Rush for Berlin, bunker attacks
    Attack the bunkers to eliminate the garrisons
     When you go to Goal 2, you'll understand why it's important.
    Try not to destroy the German anti-tank guns, it's enough to eliminate the crew that manages them. The guns can be used to sink German ships.
    Although you are told to conquer all bunkers, the Germans begin evacuation after you manage to capture only 3 of them. Fifty ships will try to escape.
    Make sure you sink at least 25, otherwise the mission will end with a disaster.
    Rush for Berlin: Soviet Campaign mission 3
    Take position with the troop on the shores
    If you placed the anti-tank guns and the tanks at the shore (near bunkers), the mission is as fulfilled.
    If you want more firepower, you can capture the lighthouse for an artillery bombardment (located north of the bunkers)
    1)Occupy the factory
    2)Secure the bridge
    Optional objectives:
    1)Assist the partisans in defending the village
    2)Take the railway station
    Secret objectives
    The big offensive that will drive the Nazis out of the USSR is about to begin. In this mission, you will be fully supported by Soviet tanks.
    This mission is in most cases a large tank battle.
    Rush for Berlin: Sword of Bagration mission
    Sword of Bagration mission
    Between your initial forces and the first objective are 3 Panzer V and 4 outpost tanks. Remove them quickly and occupy the base.
    German Base in Rush for Berlin
    First German Base: Capture it!
    The factory will help you build more tanks. Best builds T 34-85. They are more effective in fighting Panzer V.
    Although the occupation of the train station is optional, it would be good to complete this objective because the Germans get reinforcements through this route. If you manage to take up this position you will receive 3 IS-2 tanks, the best Soviet armor.
    Helping the partisans is not mandatory, but if you want to help them send 4 standard infantry units and a tank, be careful not to leave the base without defense. If this optional goal is completed, partisans will offer support with a secret route of attack.
    German Howitzer in Rush for Berlin
    Eliminate this Howitzer
    Now the difficult part of this mission begins, in the north, the Germans have a fortified line. Grounds in front of trenches, 2 Jagdtigers, and 2 Königstiger tanks stand in your way towards the final goal.
    It is best to attack the line from the left flank, in my opinion, the defense is weaker here. Send sappers to destroy the anti-tank mines, otherwise, the losses will be great. After crossing the trenches, you need to remove fast the German artillery or they will wreak havoc on your troops.
    If you see that German tanks are many, do not continue fighting at any cost, withdraw and repair your armor.
    In the northwest is a factory under German control. Conquer it, and you've stopped the enemy's tank reinforcements.
    Sword of Bagration mission final objective
    Sword of Bagration mission final objective
    After you take the factory, go with the tanks on the bridge and complete the final goal.
    1)Destroy the King Tiger
    2)Enter the German HQ
    3)Stop the Abwehr spy before taking off
    Optional Objectives:
    1)Capture the Depot
    Secret Objectives:
    1)Panzer commander couldn’t escape
    In this mission, you cannot produce new units so take care of what you have at the beginning.
    Rush for Berlin: German KingTiger
    German KingTiger location
    The first objective, quite simple, is to destroy the German tank. Get close to it with the initial troops so you can attack with grenades.
    Shortly the Red Army units will come into action.
    Rush for Berlin: Belgrade Mission
    Red Army and Partisans before the attack
     There is no time to lose, the Yugoslav partisans will attack the German positions, you have to help them destroy the Germans.
    After you help the partisans, their troops will come under your control.
    Your troops after the success of the first attack
    The next objective is to capture the German HQ. Several German units guard this goal. It should not be a problem to conquer it because you do not have to deal with heavy weapons or a fortified enemy.
    Garrison a unit inside the captured German HQ.
    Rush for Berlin: German HQ
    German HQ location in Belgrade
    After that, you will be told that you have 4 minutes to get to the stadium to take care of the goal.
    The stadium is west of the HQ. All you have to do is destroy the two 88 mm anti-tank guns to finish the mission.
    Last objective in this mission
    1)Occupy the enemy HQ.
    2)Destroy the four howitzers.
    Optional Objectives:
    1)Capture the enemy factory.
    -the enemy factory is located east of the HQ.
    Secret objectives:
    1)Both Barracks captured.
    You start the mission with a factory headquarters and barracks. You also have 4,000 units of resources.
     Create a defensive line with tanks in front of the factory.
    The location of the Soviet tank factory
     The Germans will not wait for your assault and they will start an attack on the factory. The protection of this unit is vital.
    Do not forget the other positions. When your defense is ready, proceed to the next objective.
    Your first goal is to quickly eliminate all German howitzers. As long as these cannons remain operational, all your assaults will suffer heavy losses.
    It starts by removing the howitzer that is closest to your bases.
    First German Howitzer position, now gone.
     You can quickly reach him through a swampy road to the east. You need 3 tanks, snipers, 3 standard infantry units, and a few physicians. The first cannon is the weakest of all (2-3 tanks and infantry units + a barracks).
    You can also use a recon to supervise the field before the attack and use the air strikes to weaken the enemy.
    Location of the third German Howitzer
    After you've destroyed the first enemy cannon, build more Katyusha rocket launchers 2,3 recon cars and 4 IS-2 tanks. With these forces go south to the second howitzer. The second cannon is defended by a Panzer Maus and a Tiger. With the tanks try to lure them, and eliminate them from a safe distance with Katyushas. Do not forget to avoid the shells from the howitzers when you do that.
    The third cannon is near a hill, it should be lightly defended. To destroy the last cannon, send a recon car over the bridge and use air strike to destroy the 88mm cannon that blocks the road. You can send another recon to the cannon and call an airstrike.
    The German headquarters is located on the southwest side of the map.
    Rush for Berlin: Seelow Heights mission
    German HQ location in this mission
     The road to this goal is blocked by minefields, German tanks (Tigers, Panther V) and 88mm anti-tank guns. Also, the entrance to the headquarters is within the reach of one of the howitzers.
    A frontal assault is not an option, so the best solution is to eliminate the German artillery first.
    Near the headquarters is a German tanks factory that you have to conquer to stop German reinforcements.
    The location of the Nazi tank factory(main objective)
    The location of the Nazi tank factory(main objective)
    1) Secure the Brandenburg Gate
    Optional Objectives:
    1)Clear the defenses around both Flak Towers
    -although this objective is optional is best to complete it. If you manage, the Soviet aviation is going to support you with airstrikes.
     2)Neutralize the German Tank Ace.
    -the German tank commander is in a Panzer Maus. Your best chance is to destroy it with Katyushas.
    The last battle against Hitler is about to begin. You have at the beginning of this 4,000 units resource, but you cannot call for reinforcements. Take good care of the tanks you have, because in the first stages of the mission you cannot replace them.
    First of all, garrison the two Katyushas, these rocket launchers will prove decisive in this mission.
    Rush for Berlin: Soviet Campaign final mission
    Initial Soviet Forces in Berlin mission
    The Germans have fortified the whole city, each street is a trap for the tanks. Therefore, the frontal assaults in any situation are a bad idea.
    Adopt the following strategy. With two IS-2s and a T-34 testing the ground, rocket launchers should track them. When you get in touch with the enemy, he orders the tanks to withdraw for repair. Because the launchers have a larger range of action, they will bomb the targets from a distance without being exposed to enemy fire. When you finish the bombardment, order you rocket launchers to withdraw for resupply.
    You need to repeat this process at every corner of the street so the losses are minimal.
    Best strategy for this mission
    Use this strategy to eliminate the defense around the first Flak Tower (west of your troop's initial position).
    Rush for Berlin: First Flak tower location
    First Flak Tower Location
     Two, three armored and two 88 mm cannons defend this position. When you eliminate all the defenders around the flak tower a cutscene will appear, and the German defenders inside the Flak Tower are neutralized.
    Assemble your troops on the channel near the canal before attacking the target.
    Assemble the troop here
    Headed north with your troops to a depot under German troops, if you conquer it, you will receive reinforcements (1 reckon car and 3 Katyushas).
    Capture this depot for more reinforcements
    The German army is defending this position with 2 howitzers, 2 anti-tank guns, and 3 panzers.
    Soviet reinforcements
     It uses the same strategy as the Flak Tower, it is best to attack this position from the west.
    With the elimination of the Nazis in this sector, it is now starting the harder stage in the mission.
    Cross the canal using the middle bridge and use the strategy I recommended.
    Cross this bridge
    If you neutralized the first Flak Tower, the Soviet airplanes certainly bombed the German units guarding the bridge. Quickly cross the bridge with tanks, rocket launchers and truck repairs and head southwest.
    If you look more closely in this area, the Nazis have a tanks factory.
    Rush for Berlin: German tank factory
    Capture this factory and use it to produce more tanks
     As long as the factory is under enemy control, Tiger tanks will continue to harass your troops.
    It is best to conquer it and the resources you will have to build as many T-34 tanks. Use the reinforcements to destroy the German defense around the last Flak Tower. The Germans will thus be deprived of anti-air defenses.
    The position of the second Flak Tower
    The position of the second Flak Tower
    You have one goal to conquer: the Brandenburg Gate. You have to take two deposits to complete the mission. The two warehouses are defended with the most formidable Nazi tanks.
    Three Jagdtiger tanks destroyers are in front of the Brandenburg gate itself.
    Advance with your troops here
    In a damaged building located nearby there are 3 Tiger II (Königstiger) tanks.
    Rush for Berlin, Soviet campaign final mission
    The last German location you need to capture.
    The Nazis also have a Sturmtiger and a Hertzel.If you have been cautious so far, you can use Katyushas to remove them from a safe distance.
    If you lost the rocket launchers, use T-34 tanks to neutralize the last German resistance. The losses will probably be higher but you will succeed.
    When you're done, take the two depots.
    Mission accomplished!









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    Can you pass this Hacksaw Ridge quiz?

    The ultimate Hacksaw Ridge quiz

    Hacksaw Ridge quiz

    Did you watch Hacksaw Ridge? Then this quiz is for you. If you paid attention to every detail of the film you should get the maximum score in this quiz. This test is not for the beginners.

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    How Germany has changed since Merkel came to power?

    How Germany changed under Merkel`s leadership

    In November 2016, Angela Merkel, Chancellor of Germany, announced her intention to run for the fourth term in the supreme position of the state. Her main opponent is former President of the European Parliament, Social Democrat Martin Schulz. Schulz resigned from office in order to run against Merkel. Elections for Chancellery will be held on September 24, 2017. At the beginning of this year, the situation seemed favorable for Martin Schulz.

    According to opinion polls, SPD and CDU had reached equality in voting intentions. In March, Schulz is unanimously elected president of the SPD, becoming officially Merkel’s main rival.

    But almost immediately after this historic election, the SPD suffered the first blow during the Saarland state election, where the CDU candidate won 40% of the votes, and the Social Democrats gathered only 29%. This first election was the first test for the main political parties in Germany before the main elections in September.

    At the same time, it represents the first failure of the SPD with Schulz in the role of president. Unfortunately for the Social Democrats, the series of electoral defeats does not stop there. After a short period of equality in early polls, the CDU began to catch up. On May 7, Merkel’s party won another victory after elections in Schleswig-Holstein.

    But the worst defeat for Schulz comes from the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, the most populous province, considered a stronghold of the SPD. Following this regional election, the Christian Democratic Union won a last significant victory over its opponents 4 months before the decisive election.

    After counting all the votes, the CDU obtained 33.0% and the coalition of SPD and Green suffered significant losses.

    The SPD is the third and largest election failure this year. These failures cast doubt on Schulz’s chances of replacing Angela Merkel as Chancellor in the September elections.

    However, Schulz showed himself optimistic about his chances and urged the party to focus on the main elections.

    In the context of these important elections for the future of the largest economy in the EU, it is important to know some of Angela Merkel’s achievements, the country’s most important political personality since 2005.

    We present you an infographic that highlights how Germany has changed since Merkel’s coming to power:Merkel infographic






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    24 important facts about the WannaCry virus

    Everything you need to know about the WannaCry cyberattack

    The WannaCry ransomware virus took the whole world by surprise and managed to provoke chaos. This virus once again proves how vulnerable computers and companies around the world are to cyber attacks. We also find that hackers are still improving their attack techniques and their threat has never disappeared. Here are 24 important facts about the WannaCry cyberattack:

    I First attacks and mode of action


    1. The first attacks took place on May 12th.

    2. Originally it was believed that the virus was spreading through email attachments.

    3. WannaCry is classified as ransomware. A Ransomware is a malicious program that infiltrates a device (computer, server, smartphone) and encrypts all files in storage, virtually blocking users from accessing them. But the program does not stop here: after encrypting the files, it displays a message telling the victim that if he wants to use his device again, he has to pay in order to recover the files.WannaCry: what you should know

    4. For other cyber attacks, hackers used email addresses with suspicious attachments. But for WannaCry, there was no need for any user action to spread the virus.

    5. The virus exploited a security vulnerability in older versions of Windows (XP, Vista).

    6. The security breach that hackers used was originally discovered by the American NSA secret service.

    7. Hackers were initially asking for $ 300 in the bitcoin currency. If you did not pay the requested amount within 7 days, the ransom value would double, and after another week the hackers would delete the data.

    8. What happens if you pay the ransom? There is no guarantee that hackers will keep their word. There are many situations where data has been deleted, even if the reward has been paid.

    II Countries and institutions affected and spreading speed

    9. On the first day of the attack, 74 countries were affected including Russia, Germany, and Turkey.

    10. According to Rob Wainwright, Chief of Europol, 200.000 computers have been infected in 5 days.Number of countries affected by Wannacry?

    11. The WannaCry virus has disrupted activities in over 150 countries.

    12. Russia is the most affected country. About 60% of all affected systems are in this country according to Kaspersky.

    13. About 1.000 Russian Interior Ministry computers were affected by the WannaCry virus.

    14. in the UK due to virus 16 hospitals were forced to temporarily interrupt their work and patients were relocated.

    15. In France and Romania, WannaCry ransomware caused the temporary interruption of activity in the Renault and Dacia plants.Renault hit be WannaCry

    16. FedEx, the US courier giant has reported problems with sending mail and delivering orders.

    17. WannaCry has disrupted the work of Japanese companies Nissan and Hitachi, but it seems that the impact is minimal in this situation.

    18. Many Chinese gas stations have stopped accepting card payments after their systems have been infected.

    19. Because most software`s in China are pirated, the virus has spread here very quickly. Approximately 100.000 computers have been hit.

    20. Which operating system was most hit by the WannaCry virus? Answer: Windows 7.

    21. Marcus Hutchins, a cyber security expert in the UK, aged 22, succeeded in slowing down the virus’s expansion after buying an Internet domain.

    III What do we know so far about hackers?

    What do we know about the WannaCry hackers?

    22. Despite the problems they have caused, the attackers have collected only $ 55.000.

    23. Russian President Vladimir Putin blamed the United States for the WannaCry virus.

    24. North Korea is behind the biggest cybernetic attack this year according to the information of some specialists. But it is too early and the evidence is not enough to prove this suspicion.













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    5 newest countries in the world

    In 2014, the Scots were faced with a big decision about the direction of their region. If they had decided to separate, they would have become the newest state in the world.

    Looking at the recent history of the world, we find that borders are changing faster than we think, in an increasingly tense international context. Changes, of course, bring new challenges and instability.

    I. SOUTH SUDANNewest states in the world

    South Sudan is the newest state in the world. It gained independence on July 9, 2011, separating itself from the majority Arab provinces after a civil war that lasted for decades. The US also played an important role in getting the status. But the young state is confronted with major problems, including generalized poverty, internal conflicts between the many political groups and unexploited natural resources. Degeneration in another civil war caused the exodus of 1 million people.

    II. KOSOVO5 Newest states in the world

    Kosovo declared its independence from Serbia on February 17, 2008. The area has been under UN administration since 1999 when NATO forced the withdrawal of Slobodan Milosevic’s troops from the strongly ethnicized province. The state has not been recognized by all UN member states, and for security reasons, it has not even asked to be part of the organization. The major problems of this new state are weak economy, high unemployment, and ethnic division.

    III. MONTENEGRONewest states in the world

    In 2006, Serbia and Montenegro separated into two states after proclaiming a state union in 2003. Montenegro’s referendum was decisive, with the people voting for the end of the union. Since independence, Montenegro has applied for the EU, entered the World Trade Organization and recalled the royal family from exile. Overall, the country has a favorable evolution. Serbia also follows pro-European policies, while maintaining traditional co-operation with Russia.

    IV. EAST TIMORNewest states in the world

    East Timor gained independence on May 20, 2002, although the referendum that ruled in favor of it was organized years ago. But after that, the region was subjected to violence by pro-Indonesian militias, and the UN sent forces for stabilization. But it was too late, the Indonesian punishment expedition caused great human losses and most East Timor infrastructure was destroyed. The country’s evolution is a good one, thanks to profits from large oil reserves.

    V. SOUTH OSSETIASouth Ossetia independence

    It is also worth mentioning South Ossetia, a separatist zone in Georgia whose independence declared since 1990 was only recognized in the Russian-Georgian war in 2008 but only by a small number of states such as Russia, Nicaragua or Venezuela. The country, therefore, has only a very limited recognition, being one of those gray areas of frozen conflicts in the post-Soviet space. Political dissensions and precarious economic conditions keep Ossetia in a permanent tension.




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    Infographic: How powerful is Russia`s defense industry?

    russia infographic


    Russia took over the position of Saudi Arabia in 2016, despite the precarious situation of the economy, ranking third in the world in terms of military expenditure, after the US and China, according to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI).

    Last year Russia has allocated 69.2 billion dollars defense budget, or 5.9% more than in 2015. This is equivalent to 5.3% of its GDP, an unprecedented situation after the collapse of the Soviet Union now fourth Century, according to SIPRI.

    This increase in spending and the heavy burden put pressure at a time when the Russian economy is in a difficult situation because of falling oil prices and economic sanctions imposed in 2014 by Western countries following the conflict in Ukraine

    Saudi Arabia, which had its third budget in 2015, dropped fourth in 2016. Its military spending fell 30 percent to 63.7 billion dollars, despite the involvement of the state in several regional conflicts.

    As a result of the unstable economic situation and the low price of the oil barrel, many countries that depended on oil exports have been forced to cut military spending.

    The US remains the No.1 budget, which increased by 1.7% in 2016 to 611 billion dollars. Followed by China with 215 billion dollars, ie an increase of 5.4%, less quickly than in previous years.

    Donald Trump, who became president in January, made the army’s budget a priority. He has already shown that he will not hesitate to use force, bombing in April an air base in Syria and positions of the Islamic State in Afghanistan. He also threatened North Korea.

    After a series of terrorist attacks in 2015 and criticized by Donald Trump for a contribution to NATO he considers to be low, Western Europe has increased its military budgets for the second consecutive year by 2.6%.

    Almost equal to India, the fifth, France has its sixth military budget ($ 55.7 billion), ahead of the UK (48.3 billion).

    The tendency for rearmament is sensitive in Central and Eastern Europe as well as in the Baltic countries. “The rise in the cost of many countries in Central Europe can be attributed in part to the perception that Russia is a bigger threat,” said an SIPRI researcher, Siemon Wezeman.

    Even if Russia’s defense budget has reached a record high, the common defense budget of NATO member countries is four times bigger.

    Infographic: Russia military expenditure




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    18 astonishing images from Norilsk, the northernmost city in the world

    18 astonishing images from Norilsk, the northernmost city in the world

    Norilsk is a mining town with a population of over 175,000 inhabitants. The average temperature is -10 ° C and reaches a minimum of -55 ° C in winter. For two months a year, the city is plunged into the polar night, when residents can not enjoy the sunlight.

    The entire city, its mines and its metallurgical factories were built by nearby Gulag prisoners from Norillag between 1920-1930. Of the 500 000 prisoners subjected to forced labor. According to statistics, about 18,000 of these prisoners died of cold and hunger. However, many of those who survived in Norilsk chose to remain here after the end of Stalinism, to live and work in the mines they have built. Other milestones in the industrial expansion of the city were in 1949 and 1981. Today, 60% of the population is involved in the industrial processes of the city: mining and metallurgy. The city includes the largest heavy metal smelting complex in the world, producing more than 20 percent of all the planet`s nickel, 50 percent palladium, 10 percent cobalt and 3 percent copper. The total length of the underground galleries exceeds 800 km and the depth can reach 2050 meters.The exports of this city account for more than 2 percent of Russia’s GDP.But industrialization comes with a price, Norilsk is the 7th most polluted city in the world. Almost 4 million tons of copper, cadmium, nickel, arsenic, sulfur and other chemicals are released annually in the air. “Days of Night / Nights of Day” is a unique photographic project about the everyday life of the citizens in Norilsk, the northernmost city in the world. The project was made by photographer Elena Chernyshova and she wants to talk about the life in a unique city. Let’s look together at these incredible photos. What do you think about this city after seeing it?

    Image Source:



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    42 illegal photos from North Korea you need to see

    42 illegal photos from North Korea you need to see

    North Korea is once again the main subject of discussion on the stage of international relations amid disputes with the US.

    In the past two weeks, North Korea threatened the US with a nuclear war, tried to launch a missile test (April 15), held a military parade in which it presented a new arsenal of war and said it would do a new nuclear test, which would be the sixth in the past 10 years.

    This suggests that the tensions between the US and North Korea are not just a consequence of the attitude of Donald Trump. North Korea, even if it does not yet have ballistic missiles that can hit the US anytime, proves they have the technology and are closer than ever to this goal through ballistic tests. Also, the pace of nuclear bomb construction is higher than ever.

    The attitude and lack of an appropriate strategy from Donald Trump may trigger a full-scale nuclear war. Regardless of the leader in the White House, North Korea is now a serious threat that must be dealt with.

    To understand better the opponent that the US faces is important to know something about the North Korean people led since the early 50 by Kim dynasty. As you know, North Korea is probably the most closed country in the world as a result of the censorship imposed by the totalitarian regime.

    The photos that illustrate the living conditions in this country are therefore rare. The very attempt to take pictures is a true act of heroism. Photographs that are caught by authorities that do this in the best situation are choosing to destroy pictures. Others have done years in prison. But some photographers did the impossible.

    Because of their courage, the world can see the true North Korea face, one that is not covered by the propaganda of the Pyongyang regime. From these photos, we see how far North Korea is from the civilized world and how backward are the people currently led by Kim Jong-Un. Let’s look together at these photos from North Korea:




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    Quiz: Can you guess the animation from the screenshot?

    Quiz: Can you guess the animation from the screenshot?

    Quiz: Can you guess the animation from the screenshot?

    If you've seen many animation movies, then you have to do this quiz. Let's see if you recognize cartoons after pictures and details!

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    Infographic: Marine Le Pen vs Emmanuel Macron

    Marine Le Pen vs Emmanuel Macron. Who will win?


    Two days before the presidential election in France and after the last evening’s televised debate, centrist candidate Emmanuel Macron leads in polls, according to an Elabe survey before the Paris attack.

    But after the recent terrorist attack in Champs Elysees, everything is possible.

    Until now, almost every past presidential election in France was a struggle between candidates from two major parties – the Socialists and the Republicans. Now the situation has changed dramatically.

    These elections are marked by the rise of populist and extremist parties.

     Polls show a tight struggle, voters are undecided, and the stakes are very high: this is a vote that could rebuild Europe or destroy it. Two things are certain: no candidate will win the presidency in the first round and Marine Le Pen will enter the second round in any situation.

    According to opinion polls, Marine Le Pen loses in the second round against any candidate due to the mobilization of voters against it. But the fight is not over yet, until the last round of elections on May 7th anything can happen. Turnout and undecided voters will decide the winner. Already big companies in France are preparing for the worst scenario.

    For a better understanding of these elections, we created an infographic with key campaign promises made by Emmanuel Macron and Marine Le Pen. Infographic: Marine Le Pen vs Emmanuel Macron






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    General knowledge quiz: Greek mythology

    General knowledge quiz: Greek mythology

    The Greeks have always been known for their culture. Within this culture, Greek mythology stands out, which later years served as a basis for the Roman gods. Discover how much knowledge you have about this culture with this Greek mythology quiz:

    General knowledge quiz: Greek mythology



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    Can you pass the Ultimate Fast and Furious quiz?

    The ultimate fast and furious quiz

    Ultimate Fast and Furious Quiz

    Part 8 of the famous Fast and Furious franchise, will appear in theaters on April 14, 2017. Until then we thought it would be a good idea to test your knowledge about this franchise. If you're a true fan of Fast and Furious this quiz should not be a problem.

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    40 interesting facts about Bill Gates you probably didn’t know

    bill gates facts


    Bill Gates alongside Steve Jobs is undoubtedly one of the most important people in the IT industry. Without him, many advances in this area would not have been possible. Due to the important role that he had in him the computer revolution, the founder of Microsoft and has been for 15 years in the first position among the richest people in the world. Bill Gates is also known for his charitable works, thanks to the help given by the great billionaire it is estimated that six million people were rescued. Here are some interesting facts that you probably do not know about Bill Gates:facts about Bill Gates infographic

    1 He was born in 1955 in the US city of Seattle, Washington.

    2 Bill Gates was first arrested at the age of 19 years by police in Albuquerque Police Department for excessive speed and because he didn’t have a license.

    3 Bill Gates first met with Paul Allen at Lakeside School in Seattle.

    4 As of 2017, Bill Gates has a net worth of 86 billion dollars

    5 In 2004 he predicted that spam will disappear in two years. We all know what happened.

    6 Remember the ice bucket challenge in 2014? Bill Gates then accepted the challenge from Mark Zuckerberg.

    7 As of 2013, Bill Gates has donated over 28 billion dollars to charity.

    8 In 2013 during an interview, he admitted that CTRL + ALT + DELETE was a mistake.

    9 According to a list made by the famous Forbes magazine, Bill Gates remains the richest man in the world in 2017.

    10 Since 2014, Bill Gates is no longer the majority shareholder at Microsoft. The famous billionaire owns only 2.5% of the shares of the company he founded.

    11  He began his studies at the prestigious Harvard University in 1973, but two years later he interrupted his studies.

    12 In the same year when he interrupted his studies, Bill Gates with Paul Allen founded the famous company Micro-Soft.

    13. He became a billionaire in 1987 at the age of 31 years. By comparison, Facebook founder, Mark Zuckerberg, has reached this state at age 23.

    14 Bill Gates had a great weakness for a game: Minesweeper. He was so addicted that sneak into the office of a colleague to play.
    15 Bill Gates receives 40-50 emails every day.

    16 Gates has intentionally modified the distribution program of students per class so that he be assigned in classes with beautiful girls.

    17 His private jet is worth 40 million dollars.

    18 In 1999 his net worth surpassed 100 billion dollars for the first time. He lost a part of this fortune a year later.

    19 He is an avid collector of Porsche cars.

    20 Gates met his future wife for the first time in 1987. At that time Melinda was working at Microsoft.

    21 He likes to wash the dishes every night.

    22 If Bill Gates was a country, it would be the 66 richest countries in the world. His net worth is equivalent to the GDP of Ukraine in 2016.

    23 His children will only inherit 10 million dollars each and the remaining fortune will be donated to charity.

    24 Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation spend more money every year for global healthcare than WHO(World Health Organisation)

    25 Bill Gates can buy free and unlimited food from McDonald’s because he owns a special Gold Card.

    26 He reads 50 books every year.

    27 Bill Gates believes that “Business Adventures,” written by John Brooks is the best business book.

    28 For a short time, he was ranked 3rd in the Forbes richest people in the world list.

    29 If Bill Gates could donate $ 10 to all 7.5 billion people on Earth, he will remain with $ 11 billion.

    30 Gates, Paul Allen founded a company when they were still students at Lakeside School in Seattle. The company name was Traf-O-Data 8008.

    31. What could a billionaire like him wish? His biggest wish is not to die.

    32 According to Gates, if Microsoft wasn’t successful, he considered working as a researcher in artificial intelligence.

    33 Despite his huge success, Bill Gates has a big regret: he doesn’t know any foreign language.

    34 In an interview, the billionaire said that robots should be taxed exactly like people.

    35 In 2010, Gates and his friends Mark Zuckerberg and Warren Buffett signed the “Gates Giving Pledge,” promising to give half of their wealth to charity.

    36 In 1998 Belgian actor Noel Godin attacked Bill Gates with cake.

    37 It is estimated that six million people were rescued by donations made by Gates.

    38 At the age of 17 years, Bill Gates won 4,200 dollars after he sold his first computer program.

    39 If Bill Gates drops a $100 bill, it literally is not worth his time to

    40 He has an IQ score of 160.





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    12 interesting facts about Stephen the Great

    12 interesting facts about Stephen the Great


    Stephen the Great, ruler of Moldavia managed what others thought it was impossible. When he took power in 1457, Moldavia was surrounded by powerful and dangerous enemies (Ottoman Empire, Poland, Hungary), always ready to attack. In this very difficult political context, Stephen the Great managed through his victories and diplomatic ability to keep its reign for 47 years.

    Although much has been written about Stephen the Great, a representative figure in Romanian history, there are many myths and historical facts lesser known, even distorted, about bravery, about life and especially about the work of the founding of cities, churches, and monasteries.

    1. What did the Moldavian leader look like?

    The real face of Stephen the Great is little known today. There are many fantastic reproductions. According to experts, many of these portraits are inspired by late paintings on the walls of monasteries or churches. Until the late nineteenth century, many academics imagined that Stephen the Great was an ascetic leader, with a large mustache and beard and a crown of Byzantine inspiration. Stephen the Great portrait

    Only one book from that period with the image of the voivode survived. The manuscript can be found today at the Humor monastery.

    In this book the Moldavian ruler appears as a small man, thin, pious, dressed in a royal mantle decorated with precious and semiprecious stones, with a crown on his head.

    2. He had four wives and two mistresses.

    There is the myth that the prince had girlfriends and mistresses in all the provinces of Moldavia, the idea is supported by letters from the royal courts in Iasi, Vaslui, Roman, Bacau etc. In these letters it appears that Stephen the Great, after administrative, political affairs etc in places where stopped, asked for mistresses to be bought in the evening. However, there is nowhere mention that they have been in the prince’s bedroom. In most cases, the stories about the love affairs of the Moldavian leader are simple exaggerations. According to historical sources, we know for sure that he had four wives: Marusca that was married in 1457, Evdochia of Kiev (1463), Mary Mangup (1472) and Maria Voichiţa (1480). Only the first wife was not from a great nation, the rest being made of interest marriages. The prince had only two mistresses appearing in historical sources: Călţun in Braila (married woman and morals) and Harlem Maria, a fisherman. The rest of adventures, which is said to have been in the hundreds, can not be proved.

    3. He had 10 children: seven boys and three girls.

    Alexander was the first son of Stephen the Great, a child conceived with Marusca. Second wife, Evdochia of Kiev, gave him three children (Elena, Bogdan, Iliaş) – who all died during their father’s life. Maria of Mangup couldn’t offer any son, so he divorced her (the other wives died). With the fourth wife, Maria Voichiţa, he had four children: Bogdan III (the successor to the throne), Bogdan Vlad, Anna and Maria Chiajna. With each of the two mistresses had one son: Mircea and Petru Rares.

    4. Of 42 battles in which he fought, he lost five.

    Stephen the Great defeats
    Map with the Battle of Razboieni(1476)

    Although it was said that Stephen the Great won all the battles, he had five crushing defeats. On September 22, 1462, he lost the siege of Chilia. In July 1476, Sultan Mehmed II routed the Moldavian forces in the battle of Razboieni. After an ottoman siege, Chilia and Cetatea Alba are lost on 9 august, 1484. The Moldavian ruler suffered another great defeat against the ottomans in 1485 when he tried to reconquer Chilia.

    5. Founder of cities, churches, and monasteries.

    There is a legend that raises a monastery or a church after every battle. In reality, he fought in 42 battles and there are 36 churches whose founding is assigned. According to historians, between the years 1457-1487 the ruler of Moldavia has built and repaired fortresses. The construction of monasteries and churches has been a priority in the years 1487-1504, ie the latter part of the reign. Most of them were built on the site of older construction or continuation of existing bays.

    6. Putna Monastery was not originally built by Stephen the Great.

    Putna Monestery
    Putna Monestery

    It is believed that the monastery was founded by him because he was buried there. In fact, the first ruler, Dragos Voda, built a wooden church at Volovăţ, which he then moved it to Putna. Around this small church, the founder of Moldavia, Bogdan I founded the monastery at Putna. Stephen the Great was the one who restored it and developed it during 1466-1469.

    7. Relations with his cousin Vlad the Impaler.

    Stephen the Great's cousin Vlad the Impaler
    Stephen the Great’s cousin Vlad the Impaler

    Relations between the two great personalities were influenced by several events. For example, Stephen the Great took power in Moldavia with the military support of Vlad the Impaler.
    But in 1462 relations between the two princes are deteriorating rapidly. While Vlad the Impaler was struggling with Ottoman armies led by Mehmed II, Stephen the Great take the opportunity and attacked the city of Chilia, controlled by his cousin`s troops.
    Relations between the two were resumed after 1475 when the Moldavian leader has negotiated with the Hungarian king Matthias Corvinus to release Vlad Tepes him from the Buda prison.

    8. He defeated the Hungarian army led by king Matthias Corvinus.

    Stephen the Great and battle of Baia
    Battle of Baia(1467)

    Believing that Stephen the Great, supported the nobles rebellion in Transylvania, Matthias Corvinus organized a military expedition to punish the Moldavian leader. According to some historians, the Hungarian king managed to raise an army of 40000 soldiers. The figure is hard to believe because when he crushed the nobles rebellion, his army numbered 8000 soldiers. It’s hard to believe that the Hungarian king could mobilize 32000 soldiers in a short time. Royal Hungarian forces entered Moldavia and looted villages.But unfortunately for the king of Hungary, the expedition has ended in disaster. Taking advantage of the element of surprise and knowledge of the terrain, Stephen the Great defeated Hungarian troops at Baia on December 15, 1467.

    9. Battle of Vaslui won by Szekler and Polish.

    Stephen the Great waged 42 battles
    Battle of Vaslui(1475)

    The famous Battle of Vaslui in 1475, attributed exclusively to Moldavians, was, in fact, a war waged with foreign allies. The Turks came with an overwhelming army, approximately 120000 soldiers and lost the battle in Vaslui in front of an army of 40000 people. A huge contribution to winning the battle they had come and the 5000 Szekler as an aid in Southeastern Transylvania. There are historical sources which show that in addition to these forces, there were 2,000 Hungarians, 2,000 knights from Poland and perhaps 1,000 Lithuanians. Stephen the Great put his Allies in the first line of battle in order to protect his own soldiers.

    10. Stephen`s sword kept in Topkapi Palace, probably not the original.Stephen the Great facts

    One of the most precious objects from the prince of Moldavia is his sword. The sword was received by Stephen the Great after the Battle of Vaslui from Pope Sixtus VI in recognition of the decisive role of Moldavia in the defense of Christendom. The sword was made of Toledo steel, the best material available in the Middle Ages for the manufacture of weapons. According to legend, the sword was stolen by the Ottomans during the military campaign of Suleiman the Magnificent against Moldova in the year 1538. Since then, Prince`s sword was kept in the Topkapi Palace. Some historians believe that the sword from Topkapi Palace is not the original.

    11. Defender of Christianity or just a believer?

    Pope Sixtus IV
    Pope Sixtus IV

    Pope Sixtus IV praised Stephen the Great in a letter (January 1477) as “Athleta Christi”. Salutation interpreted as a prince would have been a great defender of Christianity. In fact, Stephen the Great was a simple Christian who defended his country and the papacy has just made a courtesy policy. At that time, Moldavia was not the main gateway of Christianity. The road of the Ottoman armies, towards Central Europe, was passing through Serbia, not Moldavia. The route is determined by the geostrategic position of Moldavia. No Ottoman army ever planned to cross the Danube in Moldova, then cross the Carpathians, to enter in Hungary!

    12. Moldavia economy under Stephen the Great and conclusions.

    Beyond the military and diplomatic qualities of the leader, Moldavia resistance against invaders mean the mobilization of significant resources. The question is: did Moldavia had these resources?

    Moldavia’s population in that period, according to historical sources, was approximately 400,000 inhabitants. The vast majority lived in rural areas. The economy was predominantly agrarian. The country ruled by Stephan had only one advantage, control of important trade routes between East and Central Europe.

    Moldavia in 1483
    Moldavia in 1483

    The wars waged by Stephen were costly. Of the 47-year reign, 13 years were peaceful. These wars meant not only huge material costs. All economic activity was affected by mobilization for war and enemy raids cause serious damage.

    The fact that the invaders were defeated did not mean that they failed to do significant damage to villages in Moldavia.

    Due to the lack of historical sources, we can not say with certainty how the Moldavia economy evolved during 1457-1504.

    The relationships between Moldavia and the Ottoman Empire deteriorated, but those with Poland and Hungary were strengthened. Overall it can be said that the reign of Stephen had a positive impact on Moldavia.







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    50 amazing facts about Japan that will make you say WOW

    50 amazing facts about Japan that will make you say WOW


     Want to learn 50 amazing facts about Japan? Japan is one of the most developed countries in the world, a country where the technology is upgraded with an amazing speed. At the same time, the Japanese did not forget to respect their traditions. For many Westerners, the “Land of the Rising Sun” is still full of mysteries. The unique culture of this country, shocks and at the same time inspire admiration for many people. We present you 50 amazing facts about Japan you probably didn’t know:

    1 Because of a controversial law that was passed in 1948, night dancing has become illegal. The ban remained in force until 2015 when after a petition it was lifted.facts about japan: night dance ban2 The biggest McDonalds chain restaurant outside the US is in Japan: 3000 fast foods.McDonalds in Japan3 We consider the black cat a symbol of bad luck. The Japanese believe that the black cat brings good luck.facts about japan: black cats bring luck4 Have you ever wondered how many earthquakes occur in Japan every year? Answer: 1500japan earthquakes every year5 The Japanese celebrate Christmas with products from KFC, their favorite fast food.kfc christmas in japan6 Because the Japanese use a different system compared to Western countries, most streets don’t have names.streets without names in Japan7 Did you know that in Japan there is an island for rabbits? It’s called Ōkunoshima. The tourists who visit the island annually can feed them.Japan islands for rabbits8 Because of the high rate of suicide (2000 people), the Japanese authorities have built a fence around Mihara volcano.facts about japan: mihara volcano9 To follow them on bikers who broke the laws, Japanese police use paintball guns. Paint make the pursuit much easier.facts about japan: police use paintballs10 The Japanese have crazy ideas when it comes to traffic problems. A highway passes through a building in Osaka.facts about Japan: highway through building11 The birth rate is so low in Japan, that the number of children is smaller than the number of pets.

    12 The Japanese community in Brazil is the largest outside Japan (1.4 million people with all descendants). Most of them concentrated around the city of Sao Paolo.Brazil: biggest Japanese community in the world13 Did you think the Japanese hunt whales for food? Wrong, most are hunted for research.

    14 According to a 2015 WHO report, life expectancy in Japan is 83.7 years. The secret of longevity lies in a predominantly healthy diet that includes a lot of fish, rice, vegetables, and portions are small. By comparison, life expectancy in Canada is 82.2 years.Facts about Japan: life expectancy15 Phone addiction is a real problem in Japan. Precisely for this reason, 90% of phones are protected against water, because the Japanese use them in the shower.

    16 920 Japanese officials were executed after the war crimes trials at the end of WWII.

    17 The first nuclear reactor in Japan was opened in 1966. The Japanese have imported the necessary technology from USA, Canada, France, Australia and South Africa.Japan first nuclear reactor18 Japan is one of the largest importers of coffee in the world. In 2015, the value of coffee imports reached $ 1.6 billion.coffee beans19 Have you ever wondered where is the oldest company in the world? Answer: Osaka, it’s called Kongo Gumi. This business was founded in 578 d.Hr and has continued its activity until 2006 when it was taken over by another company.Kongo Gumi construction company 20 Do you like cats? In Japan, there are special cafes where you can play with cats.

    21 Even if transport infrastructure is very advanced, the crowd in Japanese trains is normal. There are people employed especially to squeeze people into trains.

    22 Where is the smallest escalator in the world? Answer: Japan.shortest escalator in the world23 Japan has produced 25 Nobel Prize winners. First Japanese researcher won the award in 1949.Japan has produced 25 Nobel Prize winners.24 It took a week to plug a huge hole on a street in the Japanese city of Fukuoka. Now that’s efficiency.Giant hole Japan fixed in one week25 The Japanese Multinational company Kyocera, began construction of the world’s largest floating solar farm. The works will be completed in 2018. It is estimated that the 50,000 solar panels will supply 5,000 households with electricity.

    26 Japanese use every year 24 billion pairs of chopsticks.

    27 In 2015, 9.3 million cars were assembled in Japan.Japan car production: 9.3 milion cars28 In 2015, Japan’s maglev train set a new speed record of 603 km/h. In 2015, Japan's maglev train set a new speed record of 603 km/h.29 Japanese homeless in Tokyo prefer to sleep in Internet cafes because it’s cheaper than to rent a house.

    30 There is a hotel, where all the employees are robots. At the reception, you are greeted by a dinosaur.

    31 Japan aims to build the fastest supercomputer in the world. For the success of this project, 173 million dollars will be invested.

    32 In Japan, there are approximately 5 million vending machines(1 vending machine for 23 people). You can even buy underwear at the vending machines.Vending machines in Japan 33 According to Bussiness Insider, Japan ranks first in the world to the total number of robots: 310508 in 2012.Facts about Japan: total number of robots34 Japan has 8050 km of highway. By comparison, Germany has 12917 km of highways.

    35 During the Second World War, the Japanese auto companies of today: Toyota and Nissan have produced trucks, airplanes, and engines for the Japanese Imperial Army.

    36 The aging population and low birth rate is a serious problem. According to some estimates, by 2050 Japan’s population will reach 100 million. And the elderly population will reach 35% of the total.

    37 Japan’s debt to GDP ratio is the biggest in the world: 250%.

    38 In 2016, Japan had an estimated share of 4.14% of the Global GDP. In this classification, Japan is No. 4 in the world after India.

    39 According to UNESCO, Japan invested approximately 3.6% of its GDP in research and development in 2016.Researchers_in_laboratory40 In case you did not know, the famous emoji are a Japanese creation. Emoji first appeared on Japanese phones in the 90s.

    41 Inuyama Castle is the oldest castle in Japan. The initial construction was completed in 1440.Oldest castle in Japan42 The average IQ in Japan is 106.

    43 Approximately 70% of the surface of Japan, is represented by mountains.

    44 During the Second World War, the Japanese have built the largest submarine ever. Baptized, I-401 class, the submarine was capable of transporting 3 planes and they were launched by a catapult. A revolutionary technology for that period.Japan's largest submarine during WWII45 The national flower of Japan is cherry blossom.Japan national flower46 Every year, 300,000 people climb the sacred Mount Fuji.Facts about Japan: climbing mount Fuji47 According to Global Firepower, the Japanese army has 678 tanks, by comparison, China has 9,150 tanks.Japanese number of tanks: 67848 Japan and Russia have not signed a peace treaty at the end of WWII because of the dispute over the Kuril islands.Japan and Russia dispute49 Did you know that Hiroshima was rebuilt in 10 years after the atomic bombing?

    50Meat and fish are very cheap in Japan. However, fruit is very expensive. A square melon can cost 200$.Japan square melons









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    75 photos taken right before disaster

    75 photos taken right before disaster

    We live in the fascinating era of the internet. In recent years, on social media platforms, billions of photos had been shared. Many people are hunting for the ideal time to take the perfect picture. The perfect photo requires timing, precision, skill and luck. But the following photos are not part of this category. Many of these photos taken right before the disaster are really hilarious and will make you laugh. We present you 75 photos taken right before disaster:

    An unexpected bath
    1 An unexpected bath.
    Who said that the job of a journalist is without risk?
    2 Who said that the job of a journalist is without risk?
    3 Selfie with an unexpected end.
    3 Selfie with an unexpected end.
    Somebody save the beer.
    4 Somebody save the beer.
    Chair jump fail.
    5 Chair jump fail.
    Photos taken before disaster
    6 Idiot worker in action.
    photos taken seconds before disaster
    7 Headshot.
    He has no idea what hit him.
    8 He has no idea what hit him.
    photos taken before disaster
    9 A real champion, his girlfriend is already wet.
    10 I bet she was not ready.
    hunting mega fail
    11 Jackie Chan's bear in action
    Somebody is going to need new clothes
    12 Somebody is going to need new clothes
    Launch in 3, 2, 1....
    13 Launch in 3, 2, 1....
    What could go wrong at a wedding?
    14 What could go wrong at a wedding?
    When someone does not want to be photographed
    15 When someone does not want to be photographed.
    photos taken right before disaster
    16 The first flight lesson, aerodynamic equipment is important.
    photos taken right before disaster
    17 When you want to be a rally driver and you need a copilot.
    How do you recognize a professional photographer at a wedding?
    18 How do you recognize a professional photographer at a wedding?
    I do not think he will have a great future in basketball
    19 I do not think he will have a great future in basketball.
    When an angry dog sees his tail
    20 When an angry dog sees his tail.
    photos taken right before disaster
    21 Where are the brakes?
    When you know that you can not run away from disaster
    22 When you know that you can not run away from disaster.
    Fast learning methode before exams
    23 Fast learning method before exams. Not sure if it works.
    photos taken right before disaster
    24 WTF?
    Dogs really love slides
    25 Dogs really love slides
    Suddenly, Frisbee has become more interesting
    26 Suddenly, Frisbee has become more interesting.
    Did you discover a mermaid?
    27 Did you discover a mermaid?
    At least it is not a football ball
    28 At least it is not a football ball.
    I bet it will be a painful landing
    29 I bet it will be a painful landing.
    photos taken seconds before disaster
    30 Thought they could be faster than the tide. They were wrong.
    photos taken right before disaster
    31 Who would have thought that a goat can be so evil?
    You can ride without a wheel ... or not
    32 You can ride without a wheel ... or not
    A quick remedy for hot weather
    33 A quick remedy for hot weather.
    Real or fake?
    34 Real or fake?
    photos taken right before disaster( party fail)
    35 Somebody is going to need a wig
    Headshot at a concert
    36 Headshot at a concert
    Somebody is going to have a bad day
    37 Somebody is going to have a bad day
    photos taken right before disaster
    38 Too hot? Let me help you
    motorcycle fail
    39 I believe I can fly...
    It`s a trap!! They sabotaged us
    40 It`s a trap!! They sabotaged us
    Unexpected wave ruins selfie
    41 Unexpected wave ruins selfie
    Baseball fail
    42 Baseball fail
    photos taken right before disaster
    43 Frisbee is a dangerous game for dogs
    selfie fail
    44 Big wave behind
    dog frisbee fail
    45 Instant KO
    photos taken right before disaster
    46 Problems with hot weather?
    pier fail photo
    47 Oops!
    Almost the perfect family photo
    48 Almost the perfect photo
    photos taken right before disaster
    49 A few seconds before disaster
    In the backyard. What could go wrong?
    50 In the backyard. What could go wrong?
    Pool jump fail
    51 Pool jump fail
    Perfect nutshot at baseball?
    52 Perfect nutshot at baseball?
    At least it is not directly in the face
    53 At least it is not directly in the face
    Football fail
    54 Attention to the ball!
    I will show you how to walk on water!
    55 I will show you how to walk on water!
    photos at the right moment
    56 Mentos and cola. I have to see what happens
    57 Definitely not the future Messi
    57 Definitely, not the future Messi.
    Who turned out the lights? Oh no ...
    58 Who turned out the lights? Oh no ...
    photos right before disaster
    59 Blonde at the baseball stadium. Guess what will happen?
    60 Perfect timing.
    How can you be so zen
    61 How can you be so zen
    Opening a champagne bottle. What could go wrong?
    62 Is it so difficult to open a bottle of champagne
    That is going to hurt
    63 That is going to hurt
    Perfect faceplant!
    64 Perfect faceplant!
    Mega fail!
    65 Mega fail!
    Photos with the rhinos in the back. Not a brilliant idea.
    66 Photos with the rhinos in the back. Not a brilliant idea.
    First flight lesson...
    67 First flight lesson...
    Why would you do such thing?
    68 Why would you do such thing?
    Somebody is not going to eat cake at the party.
    69 Somebody is not going to eat cake at the party.
    How to ruin a wedding in 3 seconds
    70 How to ruin a wedding in 3 seconds
    Hope he doesn't have a gun
    71 Hope he doesn't have a gun
    A jaguar's surprise attack
    72 A jaguar's surprise attack
    This is Sparta!
    73 This is Sparta!
    Future Floyd Mayweather
    74 Future Floyd Mayweather
    Seconds before plane crash in Taiwan
    75 Seconds before plane crash

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    Infographic: 8 best foods to boost your energy levels

    8 best foods to boost your energy levels

    Infographic: 8 best foods to boost your energy levels


    Next time you feel you need extra energy, do not consume coffee or candy. Caffeine and sugar give us extra energy, but their effects suddenly disappear and this leaves us short of energy.

    So instead of caffeine and sugar you could try one of these 8 foods below that can increase energy levels and may improve your mood and productivity.


    Rich in proteins, eggs are the favorite food of athletes because they increase endurance capacity.

    They are a quick source of energy and vigor when you feel deprived of a boiled egg can help to get rid of this condition.
    Contain biotin, which helps produce energy, and choline, which helps improve neurological functions.
    Is advisable not eat more than three eggs a day, in order to avoid the increase of blood cholesterol levels.

    Pickled cabbage

    Perfect side dish to many types of food, sauerkraut brings many health benefits. The flavonoids resulting from the fermentation have an important role in maintaining the elasticity of blood vessels, thus providing protection against cardiovascular disease.
    In the past, it was a food always present in the diet sailors who traveled long journeys at sea, because it helps to have a strong immune system and fight infection, due to the rich content of vitamin C.

    Dark chocolate

    A few squares of dark chocolate, which has a high cocoa content, give you extra energy throughout the day. The best varieties of dark chocolate are those that contain over 70% cocoa.

    Whole grains

    To have energy for the whole day, eat a bowl of whole grain at breakfast, considered the most important meal of the day. They can be of oats, barley or wheat, but portion size must not exceed 200 grams. They also offer protection against heart disease because they are a good source of magnesium and manganese.


    Blueberries, raspberries, and blackberries are rich in antioxidants, which means they prevent inflammation in the body and decrease the risk of cancer because it protects us from free radicals. They also slow down the aging process, being rich in lutein and vitamins A and C. They are also a quick source of energy.


    Rich in iron and calcium, and the vitamins A, B6 and E, spinach should not miss from your diet. Not only it gives you energy, but you also help muscle growth, increasing exercise capacity of the body.


    Proteins found in beef makes it the ideal food after exercise session at the gym. It contains creatine, a substance that helps muscles to develop. It is also a good source of iron and zinc, essential minerals for muscle growth.
    Also found in beef and selenium, help for the proper functioning of the nervous system and thyroid gland.


    A handful of almonds is an excellent source of healthy fatty acids, and vitamin E, which helps repair body tissues. These fruits contain antioxidants, protecting the body against free radicals.

    They are rich in lipids and proteins, functioning as a “battery” for the body and feeding it with energy. And magnesium found in these fruits oil helps eliminate anxiety and nervousness.
    Ideally, almonds should be eaten between meals.





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    Best car commercials for Super Bowl 2017. What’s your favorite?

    Best car commercials for Super Bowl 2017


    The final game of the Championship National Football League (NFL) along with concerts and festivities make up the Super Bowl Sunday, the biggest sporting event in the United States. It became a national holiday, the professional American football game is the most watched program on US television. Best rated singers sing during the Super Bowl and in the opening ceremonies. Their performances have become true over time shows, artists are becoming more creative, being aware of a large number of viewers.

    Super Bowl is a really extraordinary opportunity for the most popular brands on the planet to expose their newest commercials. Auto manufacturers could not miss this great opportunity to promote their cars.

    Every year, car manufacturers operating in the US design a series of ads for the Super Bowl.

    There are manufacturers who over time have abandoned these dedicated Super Bowl spots, while others still rely on the exposure of the day.

    Let’s look together at the most successful auto manufacturers commercials for Super Bowl 2017:

    Audi – “Daughter”

    The main character in this commercial is a girl who wins a kart race. The message is very emotional.

    Mercedes – “Easy Driver”

    After a year of pause, Mercedes hopes to great blow at the Super Bowl. The company expects demand for the new convertible will double, due to the commercials.

    Ford – “Go Further”

    Ford wants to show us that he is the great ally of mobility.

    Lexus – “Man and Machine”

    Buick – “Not So Pee Wee Football”

    Miranda Kerr appears in the advertisement for the new Buick SUV Encore alongside Cascada convertible. This commercial is very funny.

    Honda – “Yearbooks”

    Japanese manufacturer Honda promotes its new CR-V through a journey in time and with the help of celebrities. Jimmy Kimmel and Stan Lee are in this advertisement.

    Kia – “Hero’s Journey”

    Toyota – “Let’s Go Places”

    Hyundai – “A better Super Bowl”

    Michelin – “I need you”

    Alfa Romeo – “Riding dragons”

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    The attack on Pearl Harbor from Japanese perspective: 15 rare photos

    The attack on Pearl Harbor from Japanese perspective: 15 rare photos


    The Japanese Empire attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on 7 December 1941, was a crucial moment in the history of the Second World War. Thus, the declaration of war against Japan, voted next day by the United States Congress, was the long awaited act by Great Britain and the USSR, who were no longer alone in the war against Nazi Germany.

    The attack on Pearl Harbor from Japanese perspective: 15 rare photos
    A map of Pearl Harbor recovered from a captured Japanese midget submarine

     Why Japan attacked Pearl Harbor?

    The need for raw materials for the economy has led the Japanese ruling elite to choose the way to expansion. In 1931 Japan attacked and occupied Manchuria. In 1937 the Sino-Japanese war begins, which will last until 1945, and in September 1940 the Japanese forces invaded French Indochina.

    An equiped Zero fighter aboard the carrier Akagi
    An equipped Zero fighter aboard the carrier Akagi

    In response to these aggressions, the US imposed an embargo on (steel scrap metal and aviation gasoline). What was the purpose of this measure? The US sought to stop the expansion of the imperial Japan, by depriving its economy and armies of vital resources and supplies.

    Shortly after, Italy and Nazi Germany recognize Japan as the dominant power in the Far East by signing the Tripartite Pact on September 27, 1940. The expansionist policy of the Japanese did not stop there. In July 1941, after another agreement with the French government in Vichy, Japanese troops quickly occupied Southern Indochina.

    On July 28, Roosevelt ordered an embargo on all oil sales. Also, all Japanese assets are frozen and Japanese ships were not allowed to enter US ports. The Japanese forces need oil if they hoped to continue the conquests in China. 88% of Japan’s oil imports were from the US.

    Sailors cheer as planes take off from a carrier to attack Pearl Harbor.
    Sailors cheer as planes take off from a carrier to attack Pearl Harbor.

    Roosevelt believed that these economic measures would compel the Japanese to abandon their expansionist plans.

    The Japanese knew they had reached an impasse and they didn’t have many options. If they wanted to continue the war against China they knew very well that they needed the vital resources.

    Negotiations with the US have not progressed, several times Cordell Hull, Secretary of State, asked the Japanese to withdraw from Indochina and China. For the Japanese withdrawal, meant total humiliation and therefore they could not accept. In an attempt to compensate the US oil, they have tried to negotiate a deal with the Dutch Indies, but the result was not as expected.

    Because diplomacy has failed, the Japanese decided it was time to launch the attack to get the vital resources that they could not obtain through negotiations. The Japanese believed that if they could occupy Dutch and British colonies in the Pacific, the issue of vital resources was thus solved.

    The Japanese Plan

    In the way of the Japanese plans stood the US navy, with the base located at Pearl Harbor,

    American fleet at Pearl Harbor was the only force that was able to intervene against the Japanese invasion. As long as the base and American fleet at Pearl Harbor were intact, the Japanese knew that the chances of success of operations in the Pacific were small.

    Pilots assemble to receive their final orders.
    Pilots assemble to receive their final orders.

    Attacking the base at Pearl Harbor automatically mean war with the US. The Japanese knew that a victory in a long term war against the USA was impossible, because of their immense industrial capacity.

    By quickly eliminating the threat represented by the US fleet in the Pacific, the Japanese forces hoped to cause a blow to the morale of the army and the American population. Americans shocked and demoralized after these attacks were then forced to come to the negotiation table.

    Japanese dive bombers before taking off
    Japanese dive bombers before taking off

    According to Carl Smith, the surprise attack on Pearl Harbor represented the first step in the Japanese grand plan. The other two phases of the plan were: blitzkrieg for the conquest of Wake Islands, Gilberts, Northern Solomons, New Guinea, Java, Sumatra, Malaya, Burma, Thailand, the Philipines, and Borneo. The last stage was strictly defensive, any forces that invaded the newly conquered territories were to be destroyed. These last two stages were conditioned by the success of the surprise attack on Pearl Harbor.

    Japanese forces and the day of the attack

    Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto, the leader behind the surprise attack on Pearl Harbor
    Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto, the leader behind the surprise attack on Pearl Harbor

    Isoroku Yamamoto, commander-in-chief of the Combined Fleet, was responsible for organizing the attack that would take out of action for six months, the US Pacific Fleet. Although he never wanted war with the US, when the government decided that conflict is inevitable, Yamamoto did not hesitate to dedicate himself to the cause.

    Commander-in-chief of the Japanese Combined Fleet began planning the attack since January 1941.

    Yamamoto was part of the generation of naval commanders, who believed that air power will represent the future of naval battles.

    A plume of water erupts as a torpedo strikes the USS West Virginia, anchored in Battleship Row next to Ford Island.
    A plume of water erupts as a torpedo strikes the USS West Virginia, anchored in Battleship Row next to Ford Island.

    Isoroku Yamamoto insisted on accelerating the production of aircraft carriers and even opposed to the construction of two battleships. As a consequence, the Japanese air force was to hold the decisive role in the attack on the American naval base.

    Aerial photograph taken by a Japanese pilot during the attack on Pearl Harbor
    Aerial photograph taken by a Japanese pilot during the attack on Pearl Harbor

    According to military historian B. H. Liddle Hart, the Japanese naval force consisted of 6 aircraft carriers (Akagi, Kaga, Soryu, Hiryu, Shokaku, and Zuikaku) carrying 423 aircraft, of which 360 were fighter planes. Carriers were protected by an escort group made up of: two battleships, three cruisers, nine destroyers, and three submarines, eight ships were to deal with the supply of this impressive fleet. Also, five pocket submarines were to be used in this attack.

    A Zero fighter takes off to join the attack.
    A Zero fighter takes off to join the attack.

    The Japanese naval force stopped at a distance of 275 miles north of the US base. Japanese planes took off from the aircraft carriers between 6:00-7:15 AM. The main targets of Japanese airplanes were: aircraft carriers and battleships. On the day of the attack, unfortunately for the Japanese, no American carrier was in port.

    Pearl Harbor during the first wave of the attack.
    Pearl Harbor during the first wave of the attack.

    First Japanese wave of the attack reached Peal Harbor on the morning of December 7, at 7:55 AM. The first wave of Japanese attack lasted until 8:25 AM.

    Pilots head for their fighter planes.
    Pilots head for their fighter planes.

    The second wave of attack hit the US base at 8:40 and ended at 9:45. During these attacks, the use of torpedo bombers proved to be decisive. In just 90 minutes, the Japanese have dealt a heavy blow to the US Navy. Of the 8 battleships, the Americans lost 4 (Arizona, Oklahoma, West Virginia and California), another 4 were damaged. Three light cruisers and three destroyers were also sunk, four other small vessels suffered significant damage.

    Japanese aviation managed to destroy 188 planes and other 63 were badly damaged.

    Hangars and aircraft burn at Wheeler Airfield near Pearl Harbor. US fighters were quickly destroyed by Japanese aviation
    Hangars and aircraft burn at Wheeler Airfield near Pearl Harbor. US fighters were quickly destroyed by Japanese aviation.
    An image taken by a Japanese bomber shows ships burning and oil spreading across the surface of the harbor.
    An image taken by a Japanese bomber shows ships burning and oil spreading across the surface of the harbor.

    American casualties in human lives amounted to 2403 people and 1178 were wounded. Because the Japanese have achieved the element of surprise, their losses were small: 29 aircraft destroyed, and 5 pocket submarines.

    American troops bury the body of a crashed Japanese lieutenant with military honors.
    American troops bury the body of a crashed Japanese lieutenant with military honors.


    Japan’s surprise attack knocked out the US Pacific Fleet. Pearl Harbor attacks photos

    The decision to not organize a third raid against the base at Pearl Harbor and after an expedition to destroy the surviving American aircraft carriers would later cost them dearly. The Japanese have committed another big mistake: because they focused heavily on battleships and aircraft carriers, many facilities at Pearl Harbor as fuel tanks and the submarine base remained intact and later the Americans used them for future operations.

    Contrary to expectations, the morale of Americans did not fall after the attack and US were not brought to the negotiations table. Japanese attack managed just the opposite, the American people have united to take revenge for this action.

    Until June 1942, the Japanese seemed unstoppable, their armies have seized all operational objectives: Philippines, Malaysia, Burma, Thailand, Singapore, Indonesia, Hong Kong, Guam, and Wake islands American. Meanwhile, US forces have recovered and exactly as the Japanese have estimated at 6 months after Peal Harbor they were ready for the great battle with the Japanese fleet in the Pacific. In June 1942 near Midway Atoll, US showed Japan’s enormous mistake that made through the attack of December 7, 1941. Ironically, the Japanese fleet from Midway was led by Admiral Nagumo, the same who led the attack on Pearl Harbor.


    For more information about the balance of forces in the Pacific theater, you can watch the video below:






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    100 Greek Philosopher Quotes that will change your way of thinking

    100 Greek Philosopher Quotes that will change your way of thinking


    The impact of ancient Greece, on the European culture, is undeniable. Its cultural heritage is one of the richest in the world. The Greeks made a major contribution in almost all fields, from literature to architecture, from science to math and philosophy. Greece has offered the world two great gifts: philosophy and science. Before Plato, Aristotle, Socrates, many Greeks believed that many natural phenomena have explanations in divinity. Greek philosophers began to ask questions and looked for solutions and answers to these phenomena through research and experimentation. To understand the great Greek philosophers, it is important to know some of their most important quotes. We present you 100 Greek Philosopher Quotes that will change your way of thinking:



    1 Only the dead have seen the end of war.

    2 The beginning is the most important part of the work.

    3 One of the penalties for refusing to participate in politics is that you end up being governed by your inferiors.

    4 We can easily forgive a child who is afraid of the dark; the real tragedy of life is when men are afraid of the light.

    5 Necessity is the mother of invention.Plato: Necessity is the mother of invention.6 Be kind, for everyone you meet is fighting a hard battle.

    7 The greatest wealth is to live content with little.

    8 Dictatorship naturally arises out of democracy, and the most aggravated form of tyranny and slavery out of the most extreme liberty.Plato quotes9 There are three classes of men; lovers of wisdom, lovers of honor, and lovers of gain.

    10 Opinion is the medium between knowledge and ignorance.


    11 We are what we repeatedly do. Excellence, then, is not an act but a habit.

    12 The roots of education are bitter, but the fruit is sweet.

    13 Happiness depends upon ourselves.100 Greek Philosopher Quotes that will change your way of thinking14 Courage is the first of human qualities because it is the quality which guarantees the others

    15 I count him braver who overcomes his desires than him who conquers his enemies; for the hardest victory is over self.

    16 We make war that we may live in peace.

    17 There was never a genius without a tincture of madness.

    18 Democracy is the form of government in which the free are rulers.

    19 The difference between a learned man and an ignorant one is the same as that between a living man and a corpse.

    20 Education and morals make the good man, the good statesman, the good ruler.


    21 True knowledge exists in knowing that you know nothing. Socrates: True knowledge exists in knowing that you know nothing.22 I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think.

    23 By all means, marry. If you get a good wife, you’ll become happy; if you get a bad one, you’ll become a philosopher.

    24 Wisdom begins in wonder. Socrates: Wisdom begins in wonder.25 An honest man is always a child.

    26 Once made equal to man, woman becomes his superior.

    27 It is not living that matters, but living rightly.

    28 He is a man of courage who does not run away, but remains at his post and fights against the enemy.

    29 Be slow to fall into friendship, but when you are in, continue firm and constant.

    30 From the deepest desires often come the deadliest hate.

    IV Pythagoras

    31 Don’t try to cover your mistakes with false words. Rather, correct your mistakes with examination.

    Don't try to cover your mistakes with false words. Rather, correct your mistakes with examination. 32 A fool is known by his speech, and a wise man by silence.

    33 In anger, we should refrain both from speech and action.

    34 Learn silence. With the quiet serenity of a meditative mind, listen, absorb, transcribe, and transform.

    35 The oldest, shortest words – ‘yes’ and ‘no’ – are those which require the most thought.

    36 Rest satisfied with doing well, and leave others to talk of you as they please.

    37 Numbers have a way of taking a man by the hand and leading him down the path of reason.

    38 If you’re asked: What is the silence? Respond: It is the first stone of the Wisdom’s temple. If you're asked: What is the silence? Respond: It is the first stone of the Wisdom's temple.39 Reason is immortal, all else mortal.

    40 It is better to be silent, than to dispute with the ignorant.


    V Parmenides

    41 You must learn all things, both the unshaken heart of persuasive truth and the opinions of mortals in which there is no true warranty.  You must learn all things, both the unshaken heart of persuasive truth, and the opinions of mortals in which there is no true warranty. 42 Change is an illusion.

    43 Let reason alone decide.

    44 Give me the power to produce fever and I’ll cure all disease.

    45 The only roads of enquiry there are to think of: one, that it is and that it is not possible for it not to be, this is the path of persuasion (for truth is its companion); the other, that it is not and that it must not be — this I say to you is a path wholly unknowable.

    46 There is one story left, one road: that it is. And on this road there are very many signs that, being, is uncreated and imperishable, whole, unique, unwavering, and complete.

    47 Do not let habit, born from experience, force you along this road, directing aimless eye and echoing ear and tongue; but judge by reason the much contested proof which I have spoken.

    48 It is indifferent to me where I am to begin, for there shall I return again.

    49 We can speak and think only of what exists. And what exists is uncreated and imperishable for it is whole and unchanging and complete. It was not or nor shall be different since it is now, all at once, one and continuous.

    50 Being alone is and nothing is altogether not.


    51 The most difficult thing in life is to know yourself.

    thales quotes52 The past is certain, the future obscure.

    53 Hope is the only good that is common to all men; those who have nothing else possess hope still.

    54 Necessity is the strongest of things, for it rules everything.

    55 Intellect is the swiftest of things, for it runs through everything.

    56 There are three attributes for which I am grateful to Fortune: that I was born, first, human and not animal; second, man and not woman; and third, Greek and not barbarian.

    57 God is the most ancient of all things, for he had no birth.thales quotes58 Avoid doing what you would blame others for doing.

    59 Time is the wisest of all things that are; for it brings everything to light.

    60 Who is happy? This is a person, who has a healthy body, is dowered with peace of mind and cultivates his talents.

    VII Anaxagoras

    61 Everything has a natural explanation. The moon is not a god, but a great rock, and the sun a hot rock.anaxagoras important quotes62 The purpose of life is the investigation of the Sun, the Moon, and the heavens.

    63 The seed of everything is in everything else.

    64 The descent to Hades is the same from every place.

    65 It is not I who have lost the Athenians, but the Athenians who have lost me.

    66 Appearances are a glimpse of the unseen.

    67 There is no smallest among the small and no largest among the large, but always something still smaller and something still larger.

    68 The Greeks are wrong to recognize coming into being and perishing; for nothing comes into being nor perishes, but is rather compounded or dissolved from things that are. So they would be right to call coming into being composition and perishing dissolution.

    69 The forces of rotation caused red hot masses of stones to be torn away from the Earth and to be thrown into the ether, and this is the origin of the stars.

    70 The Sun is a mass of fiery stone, a little larger than Greece.


    VIII Epictetus

    71 It’s not what happens to you, but how you react to it that matters.epictetus quotes72 No man is free who is not master of himself.

    73 Only the educated are free.Only the educated are free.74 Men are disturbed not by things, but by the view which they take of them.

    75 It is the nature of the wise to resist pleasures, but the foolish to be a slave to them.

    76 Keep silence for the most part, and speak only when you must, and then briefly.

    77 All religions must be tolerated for every man must get to heaven in his own way.

    78 If you want to improve, be content to be thought foolish and stupid.

    79 The key is to keep company only with people who uplift you, whose presence calls forth your best.

    80 It is impossible for a man to learn what he thinks he already knows. It is impossible for a man to learn what he thinks he already knows.

    IX Epicurus

    81 If God listened to the prayers of men, all men would quickly have perished: for they are forever praying for evil against one another.epicurus quotes82 Do not spoil what you have by desiring what you have not; remember that what you now have was once among the things you only hoped for.

    83 You don’t develop courage by being happy in your relationships everyday. You develop it by surviving difficult times and challenging adversity. epicurus most important quotes84 Death does not concern us because as long as we exist, death is not here. And when it does come, we no longer exist.

    85 It is folly for a man to pray to the gods for that which he has the power to obtain by himself.

    86 A free life cannot acquire many possessions because this is not easy to do without servility to mobs or monarchs.

    87 The misfortune of the wise is better than the prosperity of the fool.

    88 I never desired to please the rabble. What pleased them, I did not learn; and what I knew was far removed from their understanding.

    89 It is better for you to be free of fear lying upon a pallet, than to have a golden couch and a rich table and be full of trouble.

    90 Not what we have But what we enjoy, constitutes our abundance.


    X Zeno

    91 Love is a God, who cooperates in securing the safety of the city.

    92 No evil is honorable: but death is honorable; therefore death is not evil.

    93 The reason why we have two ears and only one mouth is that we may listen the more and talk the less.zeno quotes94 Man conquers the world by conquering himself.Man conquers the world by conquering himself.95 Steel your sensibilities, so that life shall hurt you as little as possible.

    96 Fate is the endless chain of causation, whereby things are; the reason or formula by which the world goes on.

    97 Happiness is a good flow of life

    98 Wellbeing is attained by little and little, and nevertheless is no little thing itself.

    99 All things are parts of one single system, which is called nature; the individual life is good when it is in harmony with nature.

    100 The end may be defined as life in accordance with nature or, in other words, in accordance with our own human nature as well as that of the universe.






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    25 interesting facts about Francois Hollande

    25 interesting facts about Francois Hollande

    Francois Hollande came to power in France as a result of the presidential elections of 2012. The rise to power took place amid the economic crisis and the lack of popularity of the president in office, Nicolas Sarkozy. During the campaign, Hollande promised to be a different president and halt austerity measures. It’s important to know more about the most unpopular French president in history and how it looks now after his term in France. We present you 25 interesting facts about Francois Hollande you should know:

    I Early life, education, and family

    1 He was born on August 12, 1954, in the town of Rouen. His father was a physicist and his mother was a social worker.

    2 The father of the future socialist president had far right views.

    3 When he turned 13 he moved with his family to Paris where he continued his studies at secondary school Lycée Pasteur.

    25 interesting facts about Francois Hollande
    Francois Hollande in 1981

    4 In 1975 he graduated école des Hautes Etudes Commerciales de Paris

    5 Between 1991-2012 he wrote seven books and scientific papers.

    6 For 30 years he had a relationship with Ségolène Royal, an important woman in French politics, with whom he had four children. A month after Royal lost the presidential elections against Sarkozy in 2007, the couple announced the separation. Francois Hollande and Ségolène Royal

    II Political career before 2012

    7 Although he was not a party member, Francois Hollande has contributed to the presidential campaign of Francois Mitterand in 1974.

    Francois Hollande and Francois Mitterrand
    Francois Hollande(center) and Francois Mitterrand(right)

    8 At the age of 25 years, Francois Hollande enters the Socialist Party.

    9 In 1981, he dueled with the future president Jacques Chirac for a seat in the National Assembly. Unfortunately for Hollande, he lost the battle.

    10 Francois Hollande becomes the first secretary of the Socialist Party in 1997 after the French left won the parliamentary elections and Lionel Jospin becomes Prime Minister. Francois Hollande with Lionel Jospin

    11 After the defeat of Jospin in the first round of presidential elections in April 2002. Francois Hollande tried to maintain the unity of the left coalition in an attempt to win the parliamentary elections in June.

    12 After the defeat in the elections, the Socialist Party held a congress in Dijon for the discussion of a new political strategy. Following the congress which took place 16-18 May, Francois Hollande managed to keep party leadership, after obtaining the support of several leading figures in the party.

    13 During the 2012 presidential election, he had an anti-austerity speech, promising measures to revive the economy and create new jobs.

    14 In 2012 he defeats Nicolas Sarkozy in the second round of the presidential elections with the score of 51.9%.Francois Hollande after the victory in 2012

    III President of France

    15 Level Hollande’s approval ratings have not always been low. According to surveys, in the first months after the 2012 presidential elections, Francois Hollande’s approval ratings increased to 60%. Since then the confidence of the French in the president has constantly declined. In 2016 Dailymail calls Francois Hollande the most unpopular president in the history of France.

    16 On December 1, Francois Hollande has announced he will not run for another term for the presidency of France. Thus he became the first president in the history of France who decides to give up before a second term.

    17 During the election campaign, he promised that the unemployment rate will begin to decline in a year. And again, the reality has proven another. Since becoming president the unemployment rate rose from 9.7% in 2012 Q2 to 10.6 in Q3 2015. This means that the total number of people without jobs increased by 600,000. France unemployment under Francois Hollande

    18 Youth unemployment remains at high levels. Approximately 25% of young people do not have a job. By comparison, Germany youth unemployment is 7%.

    19 During the campaign, he was a great fighter against the austerity measures. Since 2014 probably seeing the evolution of the French economy, he decided to make a radical change by adopting measures for business and public spending cuts. This change has displeased some Socialist Party members and voters who chose him.

    20 In 2012 France’s budget deficit was 4.8% of GDP. Francois Hollande during the campaign promised to eliminate the deficit by 2017. Although spending cuts and tax increases, the French government has missed this target. According to estimates in 2016, the budget deficit is 3.2% of GDP.

    21 During the 2012 election campaign promised a wealth tax of 75% for people with annual incomes above one million euros. This proposal proved ultimately counterproductive for several reasons. First businessmen began to avoid investing in France. Secondly, important figures like Gerard Depardieu, Louis Vuitton Moet Hennessy, Bernard Arnault left the country to avoid paying tax.

    22 Regarding energy policy, the president of France promised to reduce the country’s dependence on nuclear energy production. According to his electoral platform contribution of nuclear energy to total energy production is expected to fall from 75% to 50% by 2023. The contribution of renewable energy should reach 40% in 2032, compared to 15.5% in 2014, according to Eurostat. Fessenheim nuclear reactor (the oldest in France) would be closed by the end of 2017.

    23 During his term as president, same-sex marriages were legalized. Moreover, during the election campaign, Francois Hollande has supported this initiative. By signing Bill no. 344 on May 17, 2013, these marriages became legal and the first ceremony took place 11 days later. Francois Hollande and LGBT rights

    24 During the presidential campaign, he promised to increase the minimum wage, which Sarkozy Nicolas froze him for 5 years. In the 2012-2016 period, according to tradingeconomics.com, the minimum monthly wage increased from 1,365 euros to 1,466 euros.

    25 What are the main consequences of the mandate of President Francois Hollande’s? Currently, the French economy is still in difficulty and needs serious reforms if it wants rapid progress. Because of the poor results of the socialist government, the National Front of Marie Le Pen has recorded a major success in the 2014 European elections, with around 25%. The popularity of leftist parties has decreased Dramatically Because of Hollande’s term. The road is paved for the return of the right to power in 2017.  2014 European Parliament election in France results
















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    10 bloodiest civil wars. 35 million people were killed during a revolt in China

    10 bloodiest civil wars. 35 million people were killed during a revolt in China


    A civil war is an armed conflict in which the warring factions, are segments of the population of the same country, empire or political entity. In most situations, in these conflicts, the goal is the total seizure of power. Like all wars, the conflict has economic, ethnic or religious causes. In the following, we present 10 of the bloodiest civil wars in history.

     10 Bosnian War (1992 – 1995)10 bloodiest civil wars. 35 million people were killed during a revolt in China: Bosnian War

    The Bosnian war was a brutal, complex and ugly conflict which began shortly after the fall of communism in Europe. In 1991, Bosnia and Herzegovina joined several republics of the former Yugoslavia, desiring to gain independence. This action triggered a civil war which lasted for four years. The population of Bosnia was a multicultural mix consisting of Muslim Bosniaks, Orthodox Serbs, and Catholic Croats. In early April 1992, Bosnian Serbs, well armed and supported by Serbia, besieged Sarajevo. They targeted mainly Muslim population, but have killed many Serbs, Croats, and Bosnians with rockets and sniper attacks, which continued for nearly three and a half years. After the Bosnian capital fell, Serb nationalist forces continued their brutal attacks also called “ethnic cleansing” across the country. Finally, data from UN air strikes and sanctions imposed by the United Nations helped the parties to reach a peace agreement. Following the civil war and were killed over 90,000 people, with sources claiming that the number of deaths would have somewhere to 300,000.

    9 Nigerian Civil War (1967 – 1970)10 bloodiest civil wars. 35 million people were killed during a revolt in China: Nigerian Civil War

    This war was a result of economic, ethnic, cultural and religious relations between different peoples of Nigeria. Like many other African nations, Nigeria was built by the imperialists, in this case, the British, who did not take into account differences in religious, linguistic and ethnic borders of the new country. The Civil War began on 6 July 1967, when federal troops from Nigeria, entered the Republic of Biafra. Nigeria, which gained independence from Britain in 1960, had at that time a population of 60 million people, comprising nearly 300 different ethnic and cultural groups. The war was for Nigeria, very costly in terms of casualties, money and its status in the world. It is estimated that somewhere between one and three million people have died from war, disease and hunger. The Civil war in Nigeria was one of the bloodiest conflicts in recent decades.

    8 Thousand Days’ War (1899-1902)10 bloodiest civil wars. 35 million people were killed during a revolt in China: Columbian Civil War

    Colombian civil war that took place between the Conservative Party and the Liberal Party and its radical factions led to over 100,000 deaths and serious damage to the country’s economic ruin.

    The Liberal Party was the representative of the coffee plantation owners and traders rich and wanted a free economic policy.

    Largely excluded from the government after the Conservative victory in 1885. Also, the Liberals were put in difficulty because of plummeting coffee prices due to the international crisis. In 1899, most coffee growers were operating at a loss. In the next three years, guerrilla warfare was unleashed in rural areas of Colombia, causing significant damage and large loss of life. Because they could not restore peace by force, in 1902 the Conservatives have implemented a new political reform. By November of that year, the most important liberal leaders, Rafael Uribe and Benjamin Herrera surrendered. Even if they surrendered, leading Liberals have succeeded in obtaining the promise of a new implementation of reforms and free elections.

    7 Sri Lankan Civil War (1983-2009)10 bloodiest civil wars. 35 million people were killed during a revolt in China: Sri Lankan Civil War

    In April 2011, the UN presented a report on human rights violations during the civil war in Sri Lanka, which lasted no more than 26 years and in which 100,000 people lost their lives.

    The war was held between brutal forces of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam and the local administration. It is estimated that at least 40,000 civilians died in the five months before the end of the war (2009) when the Tigers surrendered. Locals have welcomed the end of the civil war. Although the fighting ended, restoration of rule of law and investigate human rights abuses and war crimes alleged did not occur yet. On 12 February 2013, the High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay, said that Sri Lanka has violated its promise to improve human rights and failed to investigate wartime atrocities.

    6 Angolan Civil War (1975-2002)Bloodiest civil wars in history: Angolan Civil War

    Angolans fought courageously against Portuguese occupation and have managed to obtain independence in 1975. Unfortunately, immediately after Angola became a free nation, between communists and anticommunists began a power struggle and the Civil War became inevitable. The fight was held between communists who were part of the popular movement for the liberation of Angola (MPLA) and anti – communists who supported the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA), the longest and bloodiest civil war in modern history. The war began immediately after Angola became independent in 1975 and had ended after Jonas Savimbi, leader of UNITA, was killed by government troops in 2002. After this episode, the two sides agreed to cease fire. Civil war has left at least 500,000 people dead and an economy in ruins.

    5 Secret War/Laotian Civil War (1953-1975):Secret War/Laotian Civil War (1953-1975)

    “Secret War” in Laos is an abuse made by the US government, abuse resulting in great loss of human lives. Between 1964 and 1973 during the conflict in South Vietnam, US military dropped bombs weighing a total of 2.5 million tons over Laos, who officially declared itself a neutral state. The operation was aimed both interruption of supply lines used by the government of North – Vietnamese to support the revolt in south and keeping the power of the monarchy in Laos, faced with its own Communist revolt. It is estimated that 450,000 civilians in Laos and 600,000 Cambodians lost their lives as a result of these bombings. The number of refugees rose the dead numbers somewhere to a million.

    4 Somali Civil War (1991 – present)Somaly Civil War

    Somalia is not populated only Somalis, but also by other nations in the late 80s that were raised against Siad Barre’s dictator of Somalia. The army failed to halt the uprising and the dictator was removed from power.

    Siad Barre was still popular among Somalis, so that in the early 90s in the country has been a revolution for the dictator to return to government. After he returned to power, much of northern Somalia has declared its independence from the rest of the country, without this being recognized by any country. After years of war, Somalia is in ruins, although it continues to send UN peacekeeping forces to help rebuild the country. Unofficially, it is estimated that the civil war in Somalia has killed nearly one million people.

    3 Taiping Rebellion (1850-1864)Civil Wars: Taiping rebellion

    This revolt was one of the largest and bloodiest civil wars in history. No other event has devastated China not so much in the nineteenth century, how did the Taiping rebellion. This was triggered by Xuan Hong, a Chinese in the South who thought he was the brother of Jesus Christ. In 1847 tried to reach the country’s leadership, but without success. He gathered in a very short time many followers, with which he built an army and a political organization. By the late 1850s, the movement led by Hong Xuan came to control more than a third of the country. This organization was so strong and popular that the Chinese government took tens of millions of dollars and 15 years to be able to crush a movement. In 1864, the uprising was crushed in a brutal way. It is estimated that during this civil war more than 20 milion people have lost their lives.

    2 Wars of the Roses (1455-1485)Wars of the Roses

    These wars were some of the most important historical events of the medieval era. Their impact on England was a huge one. The battles were fought between members of the House of Lancaster whose symbol was the red rose and those of the House of York, whose symbol was a white rose. Both houses were branches of the Plantagenet House, offspring of King Edward III.

    The rivalry between the two houses began in 1399, when King Richard II was taken down from the throne by his cousin, Henry Bolingbroke, Duke of Lancaster. Wars between the two houses continued until 1455 when Richard, Duke of York defeated the Lancasters in the Battle of St Albans. The War of the Roses ended after King Henry VII of England founded the Tudor dynasty, symbolically uniting the white and red rose and creating the Tudor rose.

    1 An Lushan Rebellion (755-763)an_lushan_rebellion

    This civil war is often overlooked and ignored, although it is the bloodiest in all history. The death toll exceeds the Taiping Uprising and was exceeded only by the Second World War. This uprising took place during the Tang Dynasty. Fortunately for Tang emperors, the Yan dynasty, founded the An Lushan began to disintegrate from the inside. In January 757, A Lushan’s son became disturbed by his father’s threats addressed to his friends at court, so he killed him. Shortly afterward, he was also killed by Shi Siming, an old friend of An Lushan. Siming tried to continue An Lushan rebellion, but he came to be killed by his own son in 761. Although Tang Dynasty finally managed to defeat An Lushan Rebellion, the Empire became weaker than ever. It is estimated that over 35 million people lost their lives during this bloody civil war.







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    12 most anticipated movies of 2017

    most anticipated movies of 2017


    2017 will be a very good year for cinema! There will be many premieres of movies that fans can eagerly await! From fans of X-Men and Pirates of the Caribbean to those of animated films inspired by Disney stories, we will all be pleasantly surprised! Here are the most anticipated movies of 2017:

    1 Fifty Shades Darker (10 February)

    Fifty Shades Darker ‘, represents the continuation of the Fifty Shades of Grey. The movie is directed by James Foley and has the same couple distribution actors: Jamie Dornan and Dakota Johnson in roles of Christian Grey and Anastasia Steele’s. The trailer made 114 million views within 24 hours of release, setting a record.

    2 John Wick: Chapter 2 (February 17, 2017)

    If you liked the first John Wick, we have good news for you! First of all: Chapter 2 appears

    Common will be the main antagonist of the film, the head of security of a mafia organization headed by a woman. Alongside Keanu Reeves, will return in the sequel and Ian McShane as Wilson, owner of Hotel Continental, offering discreetly help the community assassins.

    The first trailer for the highly anticipated sequel to John Wick: Chapter 2 brings us exactly what we all wanted. More action and very few unnecessary dialogues.

    In the film also stars John Leguizamo, Lance Reddick, Bridget Moynahan, Ian McShane, Laurence Fishburne, Ruby Rose, Common, Peter Stormare, and Riccardo Scamarcio.

    3 Logan (March 3, 2017)

    Details of the story are still scarce, but we know that Boyd Holbrook plays the villain, the leader of The Reavers, while images from the film, reveals a decoration desert and a cryptic message which seems to reflect the current status of all mutants ” where are all mutants? “. And if you have not yet realized the film’s title comes from the simple reason that Wolverine can no longer heal, making it simple Logan. One thing is certain in this debut trailer: Logan will be a rather dark film and probably very dark.

    In this film also stars Patrick Stewart (Charles Xavier), Stephen Merchant, Richard E. Grant, Elizabeth Rodriguez, and Daphne Keen.

    4 Kong: Skull Island (March 10, 2017)

    The movie is directed by Jordan Vogt-Roberts. Starring: Tom Hiddleston, Brie Larson, John Goodman and Samuel L. Jackson. The new trailer starts with the electrifying rhythms of songs Bad Moon Rising.

    5 Beauty and the Beast (March 17, 2017)

    Classic tale “Beauty And The Beast” gets a new adaptation, and the first full trailer looks really fantastic, with stunning visual effects and incredible decors.

    Emma Watson (Belle), alongside Dan Stevens (Beast), Luke Evans (Gaston), Josh Gad, Kevin Kline, Stanley Tucci, Gugu Mbatha-Raw, and Emma Thompson are the cast directed by Bill Condon. Only the trailer you realize it will be a success.

    6 Power Rangers (April 7, 2017)

    Five ordinary teenagers, end up having contact with something extraordinary, an object that will change their life forever. Power Rangers will get a villain to match. We will follow with utmost curiosity, the story of a group of ordinary high school teens, which should become an extraordinary force when they find that their town little Angel Grove and around the world is about to be destroyed by an alien threat. Chosen by destiny, heroes quickly discovers that they are the only ones that can save the planet.

    7 The Fate of the Furious(April 12, 2017)

    In the first trailer for the last episode of Fast and Furious, Vin Diesel the hunter becomes the hunted. Two new characters are introduced and the main character seems to betray the family that helped him in other 7 episodes of the trilogy.

    8 Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2 (May 5, 2017)

    A new grand space adventure, familiar characters and new frameworks of action with little Groot makes us forget the countless times at the new trailer for the film Guardians of the Galaxy – Volume 2.

    Most likely little Groot will capture all the attention. In this film also stars actors like Kurt Russell, Karen Gillian, Elizabeth Dębicki, Michael Rooker, Pom Klementieff, and Glenn Close.

    9 Pirates of the Caribbean 5 (May 26, 2017)

    For the fans of ‘Pirates of the Caribbean’ we have good news, Orlando Bloom returns. As usual, Captain Jack Sparrow has bad luck. In this episode, longtime enemy pirates led by Captain Salazar want to remove all pirates, including him. Sparrow’s only hope seems to be Poseidon’s trident with which he can master waters.

    10 Wonder Woman (June 2, 2017)

    After 75 years since the first appearance of the powerful female character in the universe DC, here we are approaching more and more when we see first an adaptation legendary, a film adaptation of his own, which will focus on his roots Wonder Woman, her past as a warrior and leader.

    Robin Wright, Connie Nielsen, Ewen Bremner and Danny Huston, do the cast Wonder Woman, which will arrive in theaters in the month of June 2017

    11 War of the Planet of the Apes (July 14, 2017)

    The first trailer for continuing “War For The Planet of the Apes” prequel third film of the franchise puts us in front of an epic confrontation that will determine the fate of both species and the planet’s future. Visually, the trailer looks fantastic, and changing the scenery in a winter landscape seems to bring more visual performance, we offer a large selection that we have not seen in a movie with monkeys, and reflects the fact that the film takes place two years later after the events of the previous film. And if the previous film, they avoided direct conflicts with weapons, new story, brings to the fore many weapons and military-type machines, exactly as it should be in a real war.

    12 Star Wars: Episode VIII (December 15, 2017)

    Fans of the famous trilogy of “Star Wars” looks forward Episode VIII. The new film is expected to present the new adventures of characters from the franchise Rey (Daisy Ridley), Finn (John Boyega), Poe Dameron (Oscar Isaac) and evil Kylo Ren (Adam Driver). Rey will be trained by Luke and will learn how to use the Force. Certainly, Kylo Ren will want to take revenge for the defeat in Episode VII.



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    Think you’re smart? Try this hard biology quiz

    Think you’re smart? Try this hard biology quiz

    Think you’re smart? Try this hard biology quiz

    Biology is the science of life. Biologists study the structure, function, growth, origin, evolution, and distribution of living organisms. It is considered that there are at least nine fields in which the study of biology can be divided, each of which consists of several subfields. A biologist uses basic methods of research to collect data, in order to prove or disprove theories about how organizations, as well as to help find advances in medicine. They work with agriculture, developing new fruits and vegetables less susceptible to nuisance and pests, as well as other agricultural improvements. Think you are an expert in biology? Then try this biology quiz!
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    James Bond vs reality: 9 most ridiculous myths about spies

    James Bond vs reality: 9 most ridiculous myths about spies


    Spies have always been victims of interpretations, so that, over time, there were all sorts of myths about them, from the way they dress to the “toys” they use in missions. Hollywood movies have greatly contributed to the creation of the main myths about spies. Have you ever wondered how much truth and how much fiction there is in these movies? Here’s the answer:

    Spy myths
    1.Myth: Spies always looks good

    Reality: Spies look good sometimes, but the appearance is not an essential feature. Indeed, in some missions, it is preferable that an agent to be charming as James Bond, especially if they have to talk with members of high society.

    Spy Myths
    2. Myth: Spies drive only luxury cars

    Reality: Spies driving cars that help them blend better. If, for example, attempts to infiltrate members of an exclusive club where everyone drives luxury cars, then surely it has a nice car. But if you have to drive on the streets of Moscow, then will lead a very old car.

    Spy Myths 3
    3. Myth: high-speed car chases are so frequent are so often that they became boring

    Reality: High-speed car chases occur only if the mission did not go according to plan and should be abandoned. When a spy drives the car with over 160 km / h trying to get rid of dangerous pursuers, it means that the mission has failed.

    Spy Myths 4
    4. Myth: A powerful car can help a spy escape in every situation

    Reality: You can not escape the drone weapons. Driving speed is not a guarantee that you are out of danger.

    Spy Myths 5
    5. Myth: A spy without permission may violate protocol to solve a mission

    Reality: If a spy broke the protocol without permission and survived it will certainly be fired.

    Spy Myths 6
    6.Myth: Spies always have access to the most advanced gadgets
    Reality: Sometimes films are inspired by reality, and sometimes reality is inspired by the movies. Sometimes the instruments used in movies are obsolete. But there are stories that the James Bond movie when it was first launched, the CIA director asked the department of science to create similar gadgets.
    Spy Myths 8
    7. Myth: A spy is often handcuffed and must escape

    Fact: There's a reason spies are trained in techniques of escape and wrestling. They are trained to escape when they are handcuffed or tied. There are, however,  people who have worked for decades as spies and did not wear handcuffs even once.

    spy myths #8
    8. Myth: All spies have huge muscles

    Reality: Many CIA agents did not look like Tom Cruise or Daniel Craig. Most of them do not jump out of airplanes and fight with terrorists.

    spy myths 9
    9.Myth: It's nothing to kill your opponent

    Reality: civilized countries that have well-established agencies do not kill their opponents. Today if a spy is discovered and arrested, he becomes a bargaining chip for in discussions with the state that sent him. If the negotiations end successfully, an exchange of spies is going to be organized.

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    Best comedy movies of 2016 you need to see

    Best comedy movies of 2016 you need to see


    We all need to see a comedy occasionally in order to escape from routine. That is why we prepared a list of the best comedy movies of the year. If you want to laugh you really need to look at these comedies:

    The best comedy movies of 2016 – Deadpool

    We open our list of the best comedies this year with Deadpool. The hero is part of the Marvel Universe and first appeared in comics in the 90s Compared to the Marvel heroes that have accustomed us, Deadpool out of the box. It seems rather anti-hero. Unstable, neurotic, speaks continuously and tell bad jokes, but this definitely this character will make you laugh.

    The best comedy movies of 2016 – Zootopia

    Regardless of age, it’s impossible not to like animations, especially those well made. Zootopia is a Disney animation,  the production and the directing team includes people who have worked on films like Wreck-It Ralph, Frozen or Big Hero 6. The film starts with a great advantage from the start, plus the voices of actors Ginnifer Goodwin as well, Idris Elba or Jason Bateman. The story brings to a society where animals have human traits and live like humans. They have jobs, money, clothes, institutions and, of course, criminals

    The best comedy movies of 2016 – Everybody Wants Some

    We know that you’ve lived your dream of a rebellious teenager who feels misunderstood by adults and simply wants to get rid of their authority to do what he can think. Maybe you have not got over that stage. In any case, the film really deserves a portion laugh in a weekend evening. Bonus: everyone is dressed in the style of 70s and 80s.

    The best comedy movies of 2016 – How To Be Single

    Maybe going through a painful breakup and do not feel like eating nothing but chocolate and crying. Well, that’s not even the best strategy, and even if everything passes with time, it might be a good idea to give you a little push. If you’re not the adventurous type neither have plans to become, you can at least amuse yourself how others do. The comedy ” movie “How To Be Single” is surprisingly successful, and in addition, you get to see the actress in Fifty Shades of Grey playing a role.

    The best comedy movies of 2016 – Dirty Grandpa

    There is a very good reason why you should see this film: Robert De Niro. And if you’re a girl and you like blue eyes, Zac Efron plays an important role. The jokes in this movie revolve obviously about sex, and we are dealing with a grandparent anxious to resume his adventures, after years of abstinence. Dick, grandfather, and Jason, grandson, is the most atypical pair of grandparent-grandchild: While grandpa is ready to take on new life in the chest and tip the young nephew dress and behave as if already retired. Yeah, laugh, look at the film.

    The best comedy movies of 2016 – Hail, Caesar!

    The film is set in the 50s and focuses on the story of a man named Eddie Mannix, whose job is to ensure that Hollywood stars do not prejudice his image due to drug abuse, illicit affairs or other behaviors unacceptable. The likes of Mannix were usually chosen from among the major studios and private detectives were supposed to keep them away from the actor’s scandal by any means possible. Some of these practices aimed at illegal surveillance through speakers, intimidation and bribing witnesses. It is a comedy and has some unusual trend tragedy, so worth it.

    The best comedy movies of 2016 – Ghostbusters III

    Over 30 years after the original film, Paul Feig returns with a reboot of the franchise that, this time, the protagonists are women.

    The story begins pretty much like the original, with the city being attacked by unknown forces that bring together three girlfriends that form a team of ghost hunters.

    The film is full of funny scenes and kept exactly the theme of the two original movies.

    The best comedy movies of 2016 – The Secret Life of Pets

    The producers of the film “Despicable Me” are preparing to give a new hit in cinema. The new cartoon follows the secret life of pets and is undoubtedly another great animation. The action takes place in an apartment in Manhattan and the main character is Max, a terrier.

    The best comedy movies of 2016 – Sausage Party

    This animation may look innocent but it is not for kids, adults may appreciate it. It is the first R-rated animated film and the action revolves around a sausage that wants to know the purpose of his life. And of course, what happens when it chose to leave the supermarket.

    The best comedy movies of 2016 – Kung Fu Panda 3

    Of course, Kung Fu Panda could not miss from the list of best comedies in 2016. After successfully defending the Peaceful Valley by the evil Lord Shen, Po the peaceful and hungry panda relaxes and enjoys the victory. But this quiet period will not last very long because a supernatural force threatens to destroy the Kung fu spirit. Po will have to get back into action to save again the Peaceful Valley. Certainly, an animation that is worth seeing.

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    Quitaly: EU’s worst nightmare. Is it possible?

    Quitaly: EU's worst nightmare. Is it possible?


    The Italians voted against the referendum to change the Constitution proposed by Matteo Renzi, the immediate consequence of this popular vote is the resignation of  the Prime Minister, as he promised in the campaign. The result of the referendum may trigger a serious political crisis in Italy with major implications for the EU economy. In this situation, many people wondered if the country will exit the eurozone.

    There is also a word that describes the scenario: Quitaly. Will the monetary union collapse? This referendum would trigger a domino effect throughout the European Union, as some experts believe?

    The Independent shows 5 reasons Italy will not leave the eurozone. Despite the negative vote for constitutional changes, it should not be seen as a vote against the European project.

    1. Most likely, the Italian President will appoint an interim government

    In Italy, there are some fears that anti-euro party Five Star Movement led by comedian Beppe Grillo, will come to power.

    But Renzi’s resignation would not necessarily mean early elections. President Sergio Mattarella has the option to appoint an Interim Executive and Cabinet does not suffer major changes.

    Moreover, it is rumored that the new prime minister would be even who currently occupies the chair of Finance, Pier Carlo Padoan. And if that happens, then it will ensure continuity, so no rupture and suffered an earthquake on the political scene.

    In addition, the new government could remain in power until 2018, when new elections are scheduled, and until then the wave of popularity that was “perched” Five Star Movement lately might break the shore.

    2. The electoral law

    Renzi wanted to reform the structure of the Italian legislature, and one of the measures proposed by him paved the way for the country’s largest party can govern alone, without being forced to do any coalition.

    The Five Star Movement – who is currently in second place in the preferences of voters – could take power in Italy without any problems if elections will be held this year.

    Only the measure has not been adopted and is currently on the table of the Italian Constitutional Court, which must give a verdict. In addition, the interim government – if he is appointed president – could give implement this change, so Italy will return to the status quo.

    3. The Five Star Movement can not hold too easy a referendum on euro membership.

    Quitaly: EU's worst nightmare. Is it possible? 1
    Beppo Grillo, the leader of the Five Star Movement.

    Italy’s constitution does not allow a referendum on issues of international treaties, including a ban which applies a voting on euro membership.

    So if Five Star Movement will come to power, it must first hold a referendum to change the constitution and then another one in which Italians what to ask them whether they want to use the euro or to return to the lira.

    4. Most of the Italians are happy with the euro

    And even if, Five Star Movement would be able to go through all these steps, the idea is that most of the population is pro-euro.

    Moreover, we all know what happened in Greece, in the days when the country was sinking into debt and called for international help – investors have pulled money out there, and the population has withdrawn savings from banks. And the Italians would not want that to happen and them, especially as not doing as well as before and the economy is barely keeping afloat, while many banks are adrift.

    5. European Central Bank (ECB) will do everything possible to avoid the outbreak of a new financial crisis

    The recent crisis in Italy ended in 2012 when the ECB agreed to buy back the debt of the country, a movement without which the country would have gone into bankruptcy because otherwise, it was very difficult to borrow from international markets over a long period of time.

    So if the situation will deteriorate again, most likely the ECB will once again enter the scene.

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    YouTube stars have fabulous earnings: Who won $15million?

    YouTube stars have fabulous earnings: Who won $ 15million?

    Whether we realize it or not, there are people who manage to earn more money than a TV star, because of the videos they posted on Youtube.

    For some, vlogs, videos which present different products or reviews or makeup tutorials and recipes are an important source of income.

    Forbes presented a top of YouTube who earned the most money last year from posts on the Google-owned video platform.

    The first place was Felix Kjellberg (as usual), more commonly known as PewDiePie, who earned $ 15 million, an amount 20% higher than the previous edition of the ranking.

    He managed to keep the title of the highest paid star on YouTube, although he suggested recently that he wants to delete his account.

    And it’s not the only one who managed to gather a huge amount of money from the videos. In total, all present in the top 10 has earned 70.5 million dollars from July 2015 to June 2016 which is the period in which Forbes has done the math.

    Among the stars on YouTube, there is a baker, a rapper and a duo of comedians.

    Forbes combined the data from audience measurement firm Nielsen, IMDB and other sources, and information obtained from agents, managers, lawyers and industry players, as well as directly from the stars.

    If you need an extra motivation to create your own channel of YouTube to post stuff, here is a list of the highest earning stars on Youtube (click on the name to view channel):

    1. PewDiePie

    Subscribers: 49,812,129 Earned: $15 million

    YouTube stars have fabulous earnings: Who won $ 15million? #12. Roman Atwood

    Subscribers: 10,153,756 Earned: $8 millionYouTube stars have fabulous earnings: Who won $ 15million? #23. Lily Singh

    Subscribers: 10,317,070 Earned: $7.5 millionYouTube stars have fabulous earnings: Who won $ 15million? #34. SMOSH

    Subscribers: 10,317,070 Earned: $7 millionYouTube stars have fabulous earnings: Who won $ 15million? #45. Tyler Oakley

    Subscribers: 8,086,923 Earned: $6 millionYouTube stars have fabulous earnings: Who won $ 15million? #56. Rosanna Pansino

    Subscribers: 7,402,062 Earned: $6 millionYouTube stars have fabulous earnings: Who won $ 15million? #67. Markiplier

    Subscribers: 15,532,189 Earned: $5.5 millionYouTube stars have fabulous earnings: Who won $ 15million? #78 German Garmendia

    Subscribers: 30,320,582 Earned: $5.5 millionYouTube stars have fabulous earnings: Who won $ 15million? #89. Colleen Ballinger

    Subscribers: 7,359,014 Earned: $5 millionYouTube stars have fabulous earnings: Who won $ 15million? #910. Rhett and Link

    Subscribers: 4,260,546 Earned: $5 millionYouTube stars have fabulous earnings: Who won $ 15million? #10




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    Pancreatic cancer: Everything you need to know

    Pancreatic cancer: Everything you need to know


    Pancreatic cancer was brought to attention because of several famous figures diagnoses, including actor Patrick Swayze, who died in autumn 2009, co-founder of Apple, Steve Jobs and the famous tenor Luciano Pavarotti. Pancreatic cancer is the 4th in terms of mortality among all cancer types. It affects men and women equally.

    It is the most aggressive type of cancer: only 4% of patients survive for five years. Annually, more than 200,000 cases are diagnosed, with a mortality rate of 98%. “It’s more common in the elderly. Over 80% are detected in an advanced stage. Between 10-30% of those operated survive five years. “

    The pancreas is about 15 centimeters and forms a foam tube below the stomach, oblong, weighing about 70 grams. He has two major roles for the body: It produces digestive juices (enzymes) which help the intestines to break down food; It produces hormones, including insulin, which regulates sugar and starch levels in the body. Pancreatic cancer occurs when malignant cells grow, divide and spread in the tissues of the pancreas.

     Causes and risk factors

    As in the case of some other cancers, pancreatic cancer causes are a mystery. Although some risk factors have been identified, they can not provide a complete picture.

    As in the case of some other cancers, pancreatic cancer causes are a mystery. Although some have been identified risk factors, they can not provide a complete picture.

    The causes of pancreatic cancer are still unknown.

    Pancreatic cancer develops when a pancreatic cell shows a lesion in the DNA that drives it to multiply abnormally. A single cancer cell grows and divides rapidly becoming a tumor that does not respect the body’s natural limits. Finally, cancer cells can travel to distant parts of the body (metastasize) through the bloodstream or lymphatic system.

    Nobody knows exactly how the DNA lesion occurs, leading to pancreatic cancer. Analyzing pancreatic cancers obtained by surgery show certain mutations occurring in almost all cases and others that vary in different patients.

    Some of these mutations occur randomly. Other occurring in response to the human behavior or environmental experiences. Some of them may be inherited. (What, when and how things happen these mutations are beyond the grasp experts). When it accumulates enough mutations, a cell becomes malignant and a tumor begins to grow.

    Risk factors

    No one fully understands the causes of pancreatic cancer but were identified certain risk factors for this cancer. These risk factors are more common in people who develop pancreatic cancer than the general population.

    There are multiple risk factors for pancreatic cancer. Many patients with pancreatic cancer present no risk factor. About 1 person in 76 will develop pancreatic cancer. This is average for this type of cancer.

    People who have risk factors have a higher risk of developing pancreatic cancer than those in the general population:

    Genetic factors. 5 to 10% of patients with pancreatic cancer have a family member who has or had pancreatic cancer. Several different genes have been associated with this increased risk, although a pancreatic cancer gene has not been identified.

    Diabetes. Patients with diabetes have a higher risk of developing pancreatic cancer. There is still some controversy, in this case, determine if pancreatic cancer or if diabetes the pancreas begins to function poorly before cancer, causing diabetes;

    Smoking. Cigarette smoking is a known risk factor for pancreatic cancer. The more a person smokes, the higher the risk of triggering cancer increases. Ten years after quitting smoking, the risk becomes the same as the people who never smoked;

    Obesity and inactivity. In a study realized with 88000 nurses, those who were obese (body mass index greater than 30) had a higher risk of developing pancreatic cancer. Nurses who did exercise had a lower risk of pancreatic cancer compared with those who did not exercise at all.

    Diet. What we eat can cause pancreatic cancer? A diet high in fat and meat (especially smoked meat and processed) has been linked to pancreatic cancer in some studies. A healthy diet rich in fruits and vegetables lowers the risk of pancreatic cancer in other studies. However there are studies that suggest that there is an identifiable link between diet and pancreatic cancer;

    Lycopene and selenium. Studies have shown low levels of these nutrients in people who develop pancreatic cancer. But there is certainly evidence to show that low levels cause pancreatic cancer. Any diet that includes lean meats or red and yellow vegetables should provide adequate amounts of lycopene and selenium;

    Elimination of risk factors for pancreatic cancer will not result in zero risks for this condition. But a healthy diet, maintaining a normal body weight and exercise frequently will improve overall health and reduce the risk for other health problems.

    Types of pancreatic cancers

    Pancreatic cancer is classified according to the pancreas that affects: the area that produces digestive enzymes (exocrine) or one that produces insulin or other hormones (endocrine).

    Exocrine pancreas cancer

    Although there are many different forms of pancreatic cancer, 95% of cases are adenocarcinomas of the pancreas. Other less common types of cancer of the exocrine pancreas are:

    – Adenosquamous carcinoma ;

    – Squamous cell carcinoma;

    – Small-cell carcinoma;

    – Acinar cell carcinoma;

    – Exocrine pancreas represents 95% of the pancreas, so it is not surprising that most cancers; pancreatic originate here.

    Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors

    Other cells of the pancreas produce hormones which are discharged directly into the bloodstream (endocrine system). Cancer that arises from these cells called Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors or Pancreatic islet cell tumors.

    Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors are rare, and are named according to the type of hormone they produce cells that originate from:

    – Islet (insulin-producing cells from);

    – glucagonoma (the glucagon-producing cells);

    – Somatostatinoma (from somatostatin-producing cells);

    – Gastrinoma (gastrin-producing cells from);

    – VIPoma (from vasoactive intestinal peptide-producing cells).

    Endocrine tumors are usually not cancer; They are benign tumors. These benign tumors are not considered pancreatic cancer. However, they can grow more or may secrete abnormal amounts of hormones, causing medical problems.

    Ampullary cancer (Carcinoma of the ampulla of Vater )

    It is cancer that develops in the place where the duct draining the pancreas joins the small intestine (called an opening ampulla). Although technically not cancer, pancreatic cancer, ampullary cause symptoms similar to those of pancreatic cancer, and treatment is similar.

    Pancreatic cancer often goes unnoticed until it is advanced and difficult to treat. In most cases, the symptoms appear only when cancer has grown and begun to spread to other organs. Since 95% of pancreatic cancers are adenocarcinoma, will be first described its symptoms, followed by symptoms of cancer rarest forms.

    Local symptoms

    Initially, pancreatic cancer tends to be quiet and painless. By the time that is large enough to cause symptoms, the disease has already grown beyond the pancreas.

    At this time, the symptoms depend on the location of pancreatic cancer:

    -positive pancreatic head pancreas cause symptoms such as weight loss, jaundice (yellow skin) fat in the stool, with or without abdominal pain;

    – Pancreatic cancer in the body or tail of the pancreas pancreases usually causes abdominal pain and weight loss.

    In general, the symptoms appear earlier if the cancer is localized in the head pancreases compared to those located in the body or tail of the pancreas.

    Gastrointestinal symptoms

    Because pancreatic cancer is developed around areas important to the digestive system, gastrointestinal symptoms are often prevalent:

    – Abdominal pain. More than 80% of patients with pancreatic cancer shows at some abdominal pain as the tumor grows. Pancreatic cancer can cause dull pain in the upper abdomen and back pain. Pain may be occasional;

    – Abdominal bloating. Some patients with pancreatic cancer have a feeling of saturation although eating less abdominal bloating or feeling uncomfortable;

    – Nausea;

    – Diarrhoea;

    – Fat in the stool (steatorrhea). As pancreatic cancer decreases the ability of the pancreas to secrete enzymes to digest fat, more fat in the stool undigested reach. These fatty stools can have a pungent odor and float more than normal;

    Colored chair. If the duct that drains bile to the intestine is blocked by pancreatic cancer, it may lose his seat brown color and becomes pale or clay-colored. And urine may become darker.

     General symptoms

    As it grows and spreads, pancreatic cancer affects the whole body.

    General symptoms may include:

    – weight loss;

    – Malaise;

    – Loss of appetite;

    – Increased blood sugar. Some patients with pancreatic cancer develop diabetes because of cancer that affects the ability of the pancreas to produce insulin. (However, the vast majority of patients with newly discovered diabetes do not suffer from pancreatic cancer).

     Skin symptoms

    Jaundice because pancreatic cancer blocks the duct that carries bile into the intestine (common bile duct), the components of bile builds up in the blood. They color the skin and sclera yellow eyes, a medical condition called jaundice.

    Pruritus: sometimes patients with pancreatic cancer shows pruritus (itching) all over the body. Often this condition is responsible for the presence of bile in the blood.

    Rare symptoms

    Islet cell tumors, also called neuroendocrine tumors occur in pancreatic cells that secrete hormones. These tumors can be malignant (cancer) or benign (non-cancerous). Pancreatic islet tumors are rare.

    As in the case of adenocarcinoma, islet cell cancer can cause abdominal pain, weight loss, nausea, and vomiting. Both benign and malignant tumors of the islet cells can produce too many hormones.

    These hormones released from the tumor can cause the following symptoms:

    – Insulinoma (excess of insulin): sweating, anxiety, headaches and loss of consciousness due to low blood sugar;

    – Hyperglucagonemia (excess of glucagon): diarrhea, excessive thirst or urination, weight loss;

    – Gastrinoma (excess of gastrin): abdominal pain, stomach ulcers that do not heal, gastroesophageal reflux, weight loss;

    – Somatostatinoma (excess of somatostatin): weight loss, abdominal pain, stool with undigested fat, smelly;

    – VIPoma(vasoactive intestinal peptide excess): abdominal cramps, watery diarrhea, flushing.


    The key element of this disease is the timely diagnosis. A doctor can not see or feel a tumor during a routine exam. To help establish the diagnosis and determine what treatment should be followed, imaging tests should be performed. The final diagnosis can be determined from a biopsy, a sample of tissue is taken and subsequently analyzed.



    In the last 25 years, there has been little progress regarding the treatment of patients with pancreatic cancer. Currently, there are three major therapeutic approaches: surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy.

    Surgery involves removing cancer before it spreads to surrounding organs and is the only effective treatment for pancreatic cancer. It is possible only in the initial stages of the disease when very few patients are diagnosed. For advanced disease, representing most situations, based on the treatment option remains chemotherapy and / or radiotherapy, which aims at slowing disease progression and improve the quality of life.

    Chemotherapy is a treatment method based on drugs that stop the growth of cancer cells, while radiation therapy uses radiation energy X for the same purpose.

    In the last 10 years, the standard treatment for advanced pancreatic cancer was based chemotherapy with gemcitabine. Chemotherapy in combination with radiotherapy or not is the current standard treatment for this disease.

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    How many communist states are there in the world?


    During the Cold War, the entire world was divided politically into democratic and communist states. After the collapse of the bipolar system led by the Soviet Union, many states have renounced communism, some adopting a form of socialism, some of the authoritarianism, other states have adopted the democratic system and its values. Today, worldwide there are 5 communist states, each trying to adapt as best as they can to the capitalist system.

    1 ChinaHow many communist states are there in the world?The Chinese civilization is one of the most ancient and fascinating histories. Organized as an empire for centuries, China fell to the communists in 1949, when, on 1 October, the Chinese Communist Party Chairman Mao Zedong proclaimed the establishment of the PRC. China’s first communist leader remained in history for its policies that have been applied with force in the country.

    Under his leadership, Mao initiated a series of reforms, which were introduced by force in the population, which was severely persecuted.

    In 1953 Mao launched the first Five Year Plan. At the end of this plan, China would become a major world economic power. After the period in which China’s economy has suffered because of the “Great Leap Forward” and the Cultural Revolution, serious reforms were needed to restore the economy. These reforms were presented for the first time by Premier Zhou Enlai in January 1975.

    But because of political battles for succession that followed the death of Zhou and Mao, the implementation of the “Four modernizations”(industry, agriculture, science and technology and national defense) began in December 1978, when Deng Xiaoping took power. These reforms have enabled China’s economic modernization. Politically, however, nothing has changed, the Communist Party remains the only political force in the country.

    2 Cuba

    How many communist states are there in the world?
    Fidel Castro in Havana, after the victory of the revolution

    Cuba is a parliamentary republic led by a Communist Party wich has a monopoly on power politics. As the Constitution says Cuban Communist Party “is the supreme guiding force of society and the State”. In 1959, Fidel Castro’s revolutionaries have ousted dictator Fulgencio Batista, Cuba was a country with enormous social inequalities and with an elite enriched thanks to sugar trade and US companies.

    The Agrarian Reform Law and the nationalization of North American properties in the island were the first major economic measures after the triumph of the Revolution.

    In 1961, in the middle of Bay of Pigs invasion or beach Giro, Fidel Castro proclaimed the socialist character of the Cuban Revolution while clashes with the US were becoming increasingly intense.

    In the complex scenario of the Cold War, Cuba was forced to ally with the Soviet Union and turned into its satellite in the Caribbean: thanks to this the country received for three decades 20 billion dollars that allowed a decent living of the population until the late ’80s.

    Dissolution of the USSR revealed a strong dependence on Moscow, the Cuban economy has suffered a decline of 40% and entered a tough period of poverty that marked generations of Cubans.

    Fidel Castro was forced to open the island to foreign tourists, foreign investment and strong currency to avoid the dissolution of the entire system.

    At the dawn of the XXI century, Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez became the ally and savior of the Cuban communist regime.

    The island began to receive 100,000 barrels of oil daily from Caracas that it was paying them with medical, educational and sporting experience. Fidel Castro took full advantage through the exports to third world countries.

    Neither this formula and no tourism momentum did not allow Cuba to overcome economic constraints.

    With the illness and retirement of Fidel in 2008, his brother, Raul began the fight to improve the economic situation in a country where the average wage is $ 20 per month.

    Raul has proposed and started to implement a set of measures to stimulate private enterprise in Cuba. The state sector of the economy still remains dominant.

    The question remains how long the Cuban political system will survive after the death of Fidel Castro this year.

    3 VietnamHow many communist states are there in the world?After the Japanese occupation of the 1940s, Vietnam had fought against the French occupation of Indochina War. In 1954, France was defeated. Subsequently, Vietnam has been politically divided into two rival states – North and South. The conflict escalated and the US became involved in the Cold War context. In 1975, the Vietnam War ended in victory for the North. Then the country was unified under Communist government – a state located in poverty and political isolation. In 1986, the government initiated a series of economic and political reforms that have begun to bring the country’s integration into the world economy. In 2000, Vietnam established diplomatic relations with almost all countries. By 2020, the communist government’s plan is to bring Vietnam among developed nations.

    4 LaosHow many communist states are there in the world?The territory of Laos has been inhabited since ancient times by different populations that peaked their cultural development, social and economic in the fourth millennium BC Laos is bordered by Burma, China, Vietnam, Cambodia, and Thailand.

    From 1941 to 1945, it was under Japanese occupation. In 1945, the Japanese were defeated by communist guerrillas who proclaimed the independent state of Pathet Lao. But they were defeated by the French who established the kingdom under French protectorate. The country gained independence from the French Union in 1953. But in 1950 civil war broke out between communists and monarchists, war will end in 1975 with the abolition of the monarchy. From 1975 to 1989, Vietnamese troops stationed here which strongly influenced the economic, political and social development of Laos. The economy of Laos followed the communist model. When it became obvious that this economic system was not working, in 1986 the regime decided it was time for economic reforms. With the introduction of the new reforms, economic growth reached approximately 8% annually, even with this growth rate, Laos remains one of the poorest countries in Asia. Corruption remains a major problem in this country. The great majority of its population lives in rural areas and works in agriculture and the infrastructure is still poor. In 1997, the state became a member of ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations – Association of Southeast Asian Nations), but still remained in orbit Vietnam.

    5 North KoreaHow many communist states are there in the world?After the liberation of Korea from Japanese occupation at the end of the Second World War, the state was divided into two parts by the United Nations, bounded by 38th parallel North Korea would be administered by the USSR, and the South, US. So, in 1948, it was proclaimed the People’s Republic of Korea.

    According to the Constitution, North Korea is a socialist republic, but not Stalinist. It’s an absolute dictatorship where Kim Il-sung Juche ideology has replaced Marxism. With the death of Kim Il Sung, he was appointed “Eternal President of the Republic”. The position of President of North Korea remained vacant, and his son Kim Jong Il became General Secretary of the WPK. The state apparatus is dominated by the Workers’ Party of Korea(WPK), which has about three million members. There are also two minor parties, but they recognize the role of leader of the WPK and are dominated by it.

    North Korea has a centralized economy, heavy industry and manufacturing of weapons having the highest priority. By the mid-70s, the GDP of North Korea was the same as that of South Korea. But since 1974 the South Korean economy has experienced an amazing advance. On the other hand, the North Korean economy has been affected by the collapse of the USSR, and famine in 1991. In the infographic below you can see the huge differences between the two Koreas. North Korea’s economy is backward in all categories because of the disastrous policies of the leaders.How many communist states are there in the world?

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    Top 10 weirdest concepts ever made by Audi

    Top 10 weirdest concepts ever made by Audi: Audi Nanuk


    1 Audi Type KTop 10 weirdest concepts ever made by Audi: Audi Type KAt the Berlin Motor Show, Audi (then the Auto Union), presented the Audi Type K Stromlinien Versuchswagen. A type Streamline car, which subsequently inspired many models with aerodynamic bodywork, including the famous Volkswagen Beetle, developed by Ferdinand Porsche.

    2 Audi Asso di PiccheTop 10 weirdest concepts ever made by Audi: Audi Asso di PicheAudi Asso di Picche is a concept developed by Karmann for Audi in 1973. With a design signed by Giugiaro, this model called Ace of Spades has not seen mass production, but was able to affect some historical models from Audi.

    3 Audi QuartzTop 10 weirdest concepts ever made by AudiAnother interesting concept dates from 1981 and is called Audi Quartz. The car’s aerodynamics was designed by Pininfarina and had one goal: to experience a new body design able to oppose minimum drag. This concept has been based on an Audi Quattro, have 4×4 and was fully functional.

    4 Audi Quattro SpyderTop 10 weirdest concepts ever made by AudiAudi Quattro Spyder dates from 1991 and is the car that, many years later, gave birth to a current model, the R8. A central motor car, 4×4, and aspect of an Italian car. Unfortunately, this car model has not entered into the mass production.

    5 Audi RosemeyerTop 10 weirdest concepts ever made by AudiAudi Rosemeyer, a concept in 2000, was equipped with a 700 hp engine and a central body that silver had only one goal: to pay homage to the famous Silver Arrows(the racing cars of the 1930s). Unfortunately, the car remained a simple concept, despite hundreds of orders from people who wanted the car in the personal collection.

    6 ASFTop 10 weirdest concepts ever made by AudiIn 1993, Audi presented the concept ASF. More precisely, the concept announcing the new A8, and the name came from the famous ASF aluminum body Audi Space Frame called. Interestingly this car Audi has made chrome, aluminum polishing fact, to emphasize the idea of using this lightweight metal.

    7 Audi RSQTop 10 weirdest concepts ever made by AudiAudi RSQ dates from 2004 and was a concept developed for the film I, Robot. The idea behind this prototype was on in the future when all cars will turn into aerodynamic spaceships.

    8 Audi UrbanTop 10 weirdest concepts ever made by AudiAudi Urban is a concept of the year 2011, is a car that goes to the extreme need for small cars, city. With the suspension of sight, with large wheels, the size of a Smart, the Audi Urban Concept had two seats and tested the people’s reaction to elegant urban cars. Unfortunately, the car remained only a concept.

    9 Audi Avus Quattro Top 10 weirdest concepts ever made by Audi: Audi Avus QuattroAudi Avus Quattro made its appearance in 1991 at the Tokyo Motor Show. It had a 6.0-liter W12 engine and 501 horsepower, capable of reaching a top speed of 340 km / h. The funny part is that in 1991 there were no W12 engines that appeared only ten years later. And this concept presented was only a painted wooden model, instead of a real engine.

    10 Audi NanukTop 10 weirdest concepts ever made by Audi: Audi Nanuk2013 Audi Nanuk wanted to try new territories. I mean to make an off-road supercar … Or rather, an off-road R8. The concept debuted at the Frankfurt Motor Show and was equipped with a 544 hp V10 TDI, but was met with reluctance and any trace of desire to do such a prodigious perished from the face of the Audi …








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    48 Donald Trump memes you should not miss

    Donald Trump memes

    Donald Trump’s election as president of the US surprised the almost the entire planet.

    Donald Trump memes appeared almost immediately after the first election results on all social networks.

    Here are 48 Donald Trump memes you should not miss:

     1 Do you have the courage to say no?

    Donald Trump memes 2 US future looks very good.

    Donald Trump memes 3 And the winner is:

    Donald Trump memes 4 Donald Trump:Wrong, wrong, wrong.

    Donald Trump memes 2 5 Defeated at all the debates by a woman. Wins the elections

    Donald Trump memes 6 Nazi and communist opinion about the president’s promises.

    Donald Trump memes 7 We all know what happened with the commander who killed Jon Snow.Donald Trump memes8

    Donald Trump memes9 Yes we have all heard, Islam is the problem. What’s your solution?

    Donald Trump memes 10 Hitler about the US elections.

    Donald Trump memes 11 You refuse? Donald Trump memes 12 The real reason that Donald Trump is building a wall on the border with Mexico.

    Donald Trump memes 13 Yes boss, right away boss

    Donald Trump memes14 Ned Stark: Brace Yourself

    Donald Trump memes 15 In case you think that money can buy everything:Donald Trump memes16 I wonder how US foreign policy will evolve

    Donald Trump memes 17 Best supporter of traditional marriage. A better candidate not to be found.

    Donald Trump memes 18 You think Donald Trump is a successful businessman? Do you think he can Boost the US economy? He was not able to manage his own companies. Donald Trump memes19 How can a big loser win the presidency of the most powerful nation? In the US alone can happen.

    Donald Trump memes 20 Racism triumphsDonald Trump memes21 We all know that Trump says many stupid things. Donald Trump memes21 For Haters

    Donald Trump memes 22 Who is the bravest? What is your opinion?Donald Trump memes23 Grinch or Trump? Guess who is going to steal the Christmas?

    Donald Trump memes 24 I found out who will guard the great wall on the border with Mexico.Donald Trump memes25 In case you ever feel stupid remember this:

    Donald Trump memes 26 Arnold Schwarzenegger is an Austrian immigrant. Wonder what the new president will do with him?Donald Trump memes27 I do not think the Mexicans will ever forgive you. Donald Trump memes28 Images from the kidnapping of the Liberty Statue

    Donald Trump memes 29 Unfortunately, Donald Trump was elected president.

    Donald Trump memes 30 The Darth Sith is celebrating Donald Trump’s victory.

    Donald Trump memes 31 Sorry but you have not managed to eliminate anybody.

    Donald Trump memes 32 Donald Trump’s plan for the administration in Washington. The change will be sudden and permanent.Donald Trump memes33 These elections will certainly go down in history.

    Donald Trump memes34 Republican voter’s intelligence level is very low. The statements below are true.Donald Trump memes

    35 Who said that the new US president does not care about the environment? Donald Trump memes36 Proof that big corporations control the entire World?

    Donald Trump memes 37 Donald Trump’s plan against ISIS. I don’t think it will work.

    Donald Trump memes 38 What the Americans really want from Donald TrumpDonald Trump memes39 Proof that ignorance can bring happiness.

    Donald Trump memes 40 It’s time to leave for Canada.

    Donald Trump memes 41 Americans when trying to cross the border with Canada. Canadians already have built a wall.Donald Trump memes42 Queen’s very upset. 007 is ready for a new mission.

    Donald Trump memes 43 Donald Trump does not trust his own wife.Donald Trump memes 44 Grumpy Cat heard the news.Donald Trump memes45 Best Donald Trump memes.Donald Trump memes46 Two events that will remain in US history.Donald Trump memes47 Guess who enjoys the show in the US?Donald Trump memes48 Putin already has a gift for Donald Trump.

    Donald Trump funny memes





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    100 famous Winston Churchill quotes


     Winston Churchill (b. November 30, 1874 – d. January 24, 1965) was a British politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom in World War II. Often praised as one of the greatest leaders of war of the century, he served as prime minister for two terms (1940-1945) and (1951-1955). Winston Churchill became Prime Minister of Great Britain in the most critical period of the Second World War. He took office on May 10 when the Germans invaded France. On June 22, Britain was the only power that could oppose Hitler’s expansionist ambitions. Churchill’s speeches helped to maintain the morale of the population and British forces during the Battle of England. Former officer in the British Army, historian, writer and artist, Churchill is one of the most important figures of XXth century history. Winston Churchill is the only British Prime Minister who received the Nobel Prize in Literature (1953) and was the first person who has received the title of Honorary citizen of the United States. Here are the 100 best quotes from Winston Churchill:

     1Success is not final, failure is not fatal: it is the courage to continue that counts.”Winston Churchill Quotes2 “The best argument against democracy is a five-minute conversation with the average voter.”

    3 “Success consists of going from failure to failure without loss of enthusiasm.”Winston Churchill Quotes 24 “You have enemies? Good. That means you’ve stood up for something, sometime in your life.”

    5 “Attitude is a little thing that makes a big difference.”Winston Churchill Quotes 4
    6 “Courage is what it takes to stand up and speak; courage is also what it takes to sit down and listen.”Winston Churchill Quotes 37 “To improve is to change; to be perfect is to change often.”

    8 “Never, never, never give up.”

    9 “We shall defend our island, whatever the cost may be, we shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills; we shall never surrender.”

    10 “We make a living by what we get, but we make a life by what we give.”

    11 “I may be drunk, Miss, but in the morning I will be sober and you will still be ugly.”

    12 “You can always count on Americans to do the right thing – after they’ve tried everything else.”

    13 “Socialism is a philosophy of failure, the creed of ignorance, and the gospel of envy, its inherent virtue is the equal sharing of misery.”Winston Churchill Quotes 514 “If you’re going through hell, keep going.”

    15 “Continuous effort – not strength or intelligence – is the key to unlocking our potential.”

    16 “A pessimist sees the difficulty in every opportunity; an optimist sees the opportunity in every difficulty.”

    17 “My most brilliant achievement was my ability to be able to persuade my wife to marry me.”

    18 “We shape our buildings; thereafter they shape us.”

    19 “It is no use saying, ‘We are doing our best.’ You have got to succeed in doing what is necessary.”

    20 “Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few.”Winston Churchill Quotes 621 “The truth is incontrovertible. Malice may attack it, ignorance may deride it, but in the end, there it is.”

    22 “I am always ready to learn although I do not always like being taught.”

    23 “Let our advance worrying become advance thinking and planning.”

    24 “History will be kind to me for I intend to write it.”

    25 “Without tradition, art is a flock of sheep without a shepherd. Without innovation, it is a corpse.”

    26 “Everyone has his day and some days last longer than others.”

    27 “All the great things are simple, and many can be expressed in a single word: freedom, justice, honor, duty, mercy, hope.”Winston Churchill Quotes28 “We shall draw from the heart of suffering itself the means of inspiration and survival.”

    29 “Christmas is a season not only of rejoicing but of reflection.”

    30 “I am prepared to meet my Maker. Whether my Maker is prepared for the great ordeal of meeting me is another matter.”

    31 “What kind of people do they think we are? Is it possible they do not realize that we shall never cease to persevere against them until they have been taught a lesson which they and the world will never forget?”

    32 “Battles are won by slaughter and maneuver. The greater the general, the more he contributes in maneuver, the less he demands in slaughter.”

    33 “It has been said that democracy is the worst form of government except all the others that have been tried.”

    34 “If you have ten thousand regulations you destroy all respect for the law.”

    35 “An appeaser is one who feeds a crocodile, hoping it will eat him last.”

    36 “Man will occasionally stumble over the truth, but most of the time he will pick himself up and continue on.”

    37A fanatic is one who can’t change his mind and won’t change the subject.”

    38 “The price of greatness is responsibility.”

    39 “Criticism may not be agreeable, but it is necessary. It fulfils the same function as pain in the human body. It calls attention to an unhealthy state of things.”

    40 “Before Alamein we never had a victory. After Alamein we never had a defeat.”Winston Churchill Quotes41 “No idea is so outlandish that it should not be considered with a searching but at the same time a steady eye.”

    42 If you go on with this nuclear arms race, all you are going to do is make the rubble bounce.”

    43 “A politician needs the ability to foretell what is going to happen tomorrow, next week, next month, and next year. And to have the ability afterwards to explain why it didn’t happen.”

    44 “No part of the education of a politician is more indispensable than the fighting of elections.”

    45 “Short words are best and the old words when short are best of all.”

    46 “From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic, an iron curtain has descended across the Continent.”Winston Churchill Quotes47 “I never worry about action, but only inaction.”

    48 “It is a fine thing to be honest, but it is also very important to be right.”

    49 “I have never developed indigestion from eating my words.”

    50 “In those days he was wiser than he is now; he used to frequently take my advice.”

    51 “I was only the servant of my country and had I, at any moment, failed to express her unflinching resolve to fight and conquer, I should at once have been rightly cast aside.”

    52 “When you are winning a war almost everything that happens can be claimed to be right and wise.”

    53 “We are asking the nations of Europe between whom rivers of blood have flowed to forget the feuds of a thousand years.”

    54 “We do not covet anything from any nation except their respect.”

    55 “Politics is almost as exciting as war, and quite as dangerous. In war you can only be killed once, but in politics many times.”

    56 “It is a fine game to play – the game of politics – and it is well worth waiting for a good hand before really plunging.”

    57 “It is always wise to look ahead, but difficult to look further than you can see.”

    58 “Now this is not the end. It is not even the beginning of the end. But it is, perhaps, the end of the beginning.”

    59 “The inherent vice of capitalism is the unequal sharing of blessings; the inherent virtue of socialism is the equal sharing of miseries.”

    60 “Study history, study history. In history lies all the secrets of statecraft.”Winston Churchill quotes61 “When I am abroad, I always make it a rule never to criticize or attack the government of my own country. I make up for lost time when I come home.”

    62 “This is no time for ease and comfort. It is time to dare and endure.”

    63 “Perhaps it is better to be irresponsible and right, than to be responsible and wrong.”

    64 “One ought never to turn one’s back on a threatened danger and try to run away from it. If you do that, you will double the danger. But if you meet it promptly and without flinching, you will reduce the danger by half. Never run away from anything. Never!”

    65 “Never give in – never, never, never, never, in nothing great or small, large or petty, never give in except to convictions of honour and good sense.”

    66 Want of foresight, unwillingness to act when action would be simple and effective, lack of clear thinking, confusion of counsel until the emergency comes, until self-preservation strikes its jarring gong – these are the features which constitute the endless repetition of history.”

    67 “He has all of the virtues I dislike and none of the vices I admire.”

    68 “To build may have to be the slow and laborious task of years. To destroy can be the thoughtless act of a single day.”

    69 “The empires of the future are the empires of the mind.”

    70 “A lie gets halfway around the world before the truth has a chance to get its pants on.”

    71 “It is a good thing for an uneducated man to read books of quotations.”

    72 “Solitary trees, if they grow at all, grow strong.”

    73 “No comment is a splendid expression. I am using it again and again.”

    74 “If Hitler invaded hell I would make at least a favourable reference to the devil in the House of Commons.”

    75 “I cannot pretend to be impartial about the colours. I rejoice with the brilliant ones, and am genuinely sorry for the poor browns.”

    76 “I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears and sweat.”

    77 “I am easily satisfied with the very best.”

    78 “Politics is not a game. It is an earnest business.”

    79 “If we open a quarrel between past and present, we shall find that we have lost the future.”

    80 “Victory at all costs, victory in spite of all terror, victory however long and hard the road may be; for without victory, there is no survival.”Winston Churchill Quotes81 “The farther backward you can look, the farther forward you can see.”

    82 “The power of an air force is terrific when there is nothing to oppose it.”

    83 “True genius resides in the capacity for evaluation of uncertain, hazardous, and conflicting information.”

    84 “It is more agreeable to have the power to give than to receive.”

    85 “In war as in life, it is often necessary when some cherished scheme has failed, to take up the best alternative open, and if so, it is folly not to work for it with all your might.”

    86 “Difficulties mastered are opportunities won.”Winston Churchill Quotes87 “There is no such thing as public opinion. There is only published opinion.”

    88 “No crime is so great as daring to excel.”

    89 “I am an optimist. It does not seem too much use being anything else.”

    90 “The British nation is unique in this respect. They are the only people who like to be told how bad things are, who like to be told the worst.”

    91 “When you have to kill a man, it costs nothing to be polite.”

    92 “History is written by the victors.”

    93 “Healthy citizens are the greatest asset any country can have.”

    94 “Russia is a riddle wrapped in a mystery inside an enigma.”

    95 “These are not dark days: these are great days – the greatest days our country has ever lived.”

    96 “In wartime, truth is so precious that she should always be attended by a bodyguard of lies.”

    97 “The first quality that is needed is audacity.”

    98 “For good or for ill, air mastery is today the supreme expression of military power and fleets and armies, however vital and important, must accept a subordinate rank.”

    99 “Those who can win a war well can rarely make a good peace and those who could make a good peace would never have won the war.”

    100 “I am never going to have anything more to do with politics or politicians. When this war is over I shall confine myself entirely to writing and painting.”








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    Top 15 most intelligent people of all time

    Top 15 most intelligent people of all time

    Intelligence is a defining feature of the human being, without which progress would not have been possible. It is difficult to quantify intelligence, which manifests itself in various ways, but the temptation to achieve hierarchies, even if they are relative, is great, especially for the contemporary people who reached a stage of knowledge unprecedented in history. Usually the unit of measurement used to make these hierarchies is the IQ (intelligent quotient). We present you Top 15 most intelligent people of all time:

    15 William ShakespeareTop 15 most intelligent people of all timeWilliam Shakespeare was born in 1564 in Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire. Most biographers agree that Shakespeare would have attended school King’s New School in Stratford, where he studied classical languages and particularly Latin grammar. Between 1585-1592 he earned his living as an actor and writer. It is believed that Shakspere wrote his most important works during 1589-1613. He began his career as a writer with comedies and histories.

    After 1600 he wrote mainly tragedies, ” Hamlet ”, ” King Lear ”, ” Othello ” and ” Macbeth ”, considered some of the most brilliant works in English.

    His plays translated into almost all languages, it is now played more often than any other playwright. No wonder that Shakspere is considered the greatest English writer and dramatist of all time.

    Estimated IQ 210

    14 Nikola TeslaTop 15 most intelligent people of all timeBorn in 1856 in Serbia, Nikola Tesla’s experiments helped decisively to the development of AC and DC supply.

    Not even 30 years old when he emigrated to the US at the urging of Charles Bechelore, an assistant of Thomas Edison. Once there, he was received by Edison cold and workshops hired as an electronics engineer in his company. Soon, Tesla revolt against the way patron conduct business and scientific research resigns and decides to work on his own. In 1900 a scientific article predicted the emergence of Internet.

    IQ range from 160-310

    13 Leonhard EulerTop 15 most intelligent people of all timeBorn in 1707 in the Swiss city of Basel. In 1723 he finishes his studies at the University of Basel. In his master’s thesis in philosophy, he compared and contrasted the philosophical ideas of René Descartes and Isaac Newton’s. Much of the scientific papers he published in St. Petersburg and Berlin. Euler worked and made important discoveries in almost all branches of mathematics.

    Through the works he published, Euler introduced many notational conventions.

    Estimated IQ: 180 and 200.

    12 Galileo GalileiTop 15 most intelligent people of all timeGalileo Galilei was one of the most famous scholars of the Renaissance. Astronomer, physicist, engineer, philosopher and mathematician, Galileo has played a key role in the Scientific Revolution and remained in history for his conflict with the Roman Inquisition. Born in 1564, attended the courses of medicine at the University of Pisa, but then he discovered his passion for mathematics and philosophy. He was a professor of mathematics at the universities of Pisa and Padua. His work has helped improve certain theories about telescopes and astronomy. Because of support for Copernicanism, he came into conflict with the Catholic Church.

    11 Carl Friedrich Gauss Top 15 most intelligent people of all timeConsidered one of the most influential mathematicians of all time, Carl Gauss through his work made an important contribution in all branches of mathematics.

    Between 1795-1798 he studied at the prestigious University of Gottingen.

    He was called “Princeps mathematicorum ” – the greatest mathematician of antiquity ‘

    In 1809 Carl conducted research on celestial mechanics, called “Theory of motion of celestial bodies that revolve around the sun in conic sections”

    Another invention of his is called tool, which is used in improving heliotrope- lighting for topographical observations.

    Along with Weber studied magnetism, scientific research was concluded with three valuable works in 1832, 1839 and 1840.

    Estimated IQ: 300

    10 Thomas Young Top 15 most intelligent people of all timeThomas Young was an English physicist and a doctor, whose contributions in the fields of ophthalmology, light, and language have led to important discoveries in the fields of optics and human anatomy.

    Young was the first scientist who said that the human eye can only see the three primary colors, red, blue and yellow and all other visible colors are combinations of the 4. It is now known that color vision is a more complex process, but Young’s work has built the foundation of the theory of color vision.

    Also, Young managed to partially decipher Egyptian hieroglyphics ahead of Champollion.

    Estimated IQ: 180 și 200

    9 William James SidisTop 15 most intelligent people of all timeWilliam James Sidis (1898-1944) was an American wonder child with an IQ between 200 and 300 (according to various measurements). At age two he was able to read The New York Times. Also, he could write without problems at a typewriter in French and English. William Sidis is the one who inspired the famous film Good Will Hunting. At age 9 he was admitted to Harvard, but University representatives did not let him study there because of “his emotional immaturity”. Two years later he was readmitted to the university. Thus, at age 11 Sidis began to study at Harvard.

    By the age of eight, he learned eight foreign languages (Latin, Greek, French, Russian, German, Hebrew, Turkish and Armenian), after which he created from scratch a new language, which he called Vendergood. Later, he would speak no more than 40 languages.

    According to some sources, it seems that was the person with the highest IQ. Thus, it was considered the smartest man who ever lived, some estimates speak of an IQ around 250-300! Unfortunately, any trace measurement of IQ coefficient was lost in history. William Sidis died at age 46 because of a stroke.

    8 Gottfried Leibniz Top 15 most intelligent people of all timeGottfried Leibniz was a German logician and philosopher known for the discovery of differential and integral calculus. In mathematics, Leibniz coined the term “function” (1694), which he used to describe an amount dependent on a curve. With Newton, Leibniz is considered the founder of modern calculus. In physics, Leibniz introduced the concept of “living force” (MV2) as a measure of motion (kinetic energy, as we call it today).

    According to estimates, the German philosopher had an IQ between 182 and 205.

    7 Nicolaus CopernicusTop 15 most intelligent people of all timeNicolaus Copernicus was a Polish mathematician and astronomer who developed the heliocentric theory of the solar system, that the sun and not the Earth is the center of our solar system. After working for 40 years, he has shown inconsistency geocentric theory of Ptolemy and thus exerted a strong impact on the mentality of the Middle Ages. Thus, Copernicus demonstrated that the Earth is a planet like all the others, giving a decisive blow to the mystical theories about the heavenly existence of a different world from the earthly world.

    According to estimates, he had an IQ between 160 and 200.

    6 Rudolf ClausiusTop 15 most intelligent people of all timeRudolf Clausius was a German physicist and mathematician known for the formulation of the second theory of thermodynamics. By reformulating, Sadi Carnot’s conclusions on the Carnot cycle, Clausius laid the foundations of the theory of heat. The most important work, published in 1850 in Annalen der Physik, describes how kinetic theory could explain thermal phenomena, work that led to the enunciation of the second principle of thermodynamics. In 1865 he introduced the notion of entropy, and in 1870 virial theorem.

    He had an IQ between 190 and 205, according to various measurements.

    5 James Maxwell Top 15 most intelligent people of all timeJames Maxwell was a Scottish physicist, author of a set of equations that describe the basic laws of electrical engineering. Depending on the measurements, Maxwell’s IQ was between 190 and 205.

    James Maxwell is the one who laid the foundations of quantum theory and has been praised by many scientists including Einstein.

    4 Isaac NewtonTop 15 most intelligent people of all timeIsaac Newton was a famous English scientist, alchemist, theologian, mystic, mathematician, physicist, and astronomer who was at the origin of scientific theories that have revolutionized science in the field of optics, mathematics, and mechanics in particular. In 1687 he published one of the most important works: Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica , in which he described the universal gravitation law and by studying the laws of motion of bodies, he created the foundations of classical mechanics.

    Newton was the first to prove that the laws of nature governing the movement of both the Globe and other celestial bodies, sensing that orbits can be not only elliptical or hyperbolic and parabolic. He showed that white light is composed of monochromatic radiation light.

    Between 1670 and 1672 Newton was more occupied with problems of optics and even built a telescope with reflection, which was presented in 1671 at the Royal Society. The telescope used today is introduced by Newton.

    Newton had an IQ between 190 and 200.

    3 Leonardo Da VinciTop 15 most intelligent people of all timePainter, sculptor, architect, musician, engineer, inventor, anatomist, geologist, cartographer, botanist and writer Leonardo da Vinci is often considered the biggest geniuses in the history of mankind. He is also considered one of the great innovators of painting and one of the greatest painters in history. Leonardo da Vinci is best known as a painter.

    Leonardo da Vinci designed flying machines, a tank, a machine counted and more. He also made great discoveries in anatomy, civil engineering, optics, and hydrodynamics, which, although not published, were applied thereafter definitely influencing scientific progress.

    Leonardo Da Vinci had an IQ estimated to be between 180 and 220.

    2 Albert Einstein Top 15 most intelligent people of all timeAlbert Einstein was a theoretical physicist born in Germany. He was the author of the theory of relativity and is considered one of the most brilliant scientists of mankind. In 1921 he received the Nobel Prize in Physics. Most of his contributions to physics are related to special relativity, electromagnetism mechanical joining, and the theory of general relativity which extended the principle of relativity uneven movement, developing a new theory of gravity.

    The most famous formula of E = mc² Einstein is that quantify the available energy of matter. This formula is based on atomistic, the field of physics that studies nuclear energy.

    He had an IQ between 205 and 225.

    1 Johann Wolfgang von GoetheTop 15 most intelligent people of all timeJohann Goethe was a German poet and scientist, one of the most prominent personalities of world culture. Goethe founded chemistry and developed one of the earliest theories of evolution. Since he was young he loved literature. He could find many books in his father’s immense library which had 2000 volumes. He also was fascinated by theater, in his parents’ home puppet shows were held annually.

    He had an IQ estimated to be between 210 and 225.







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    Pneumonia types: causes, symptoms, and treatment

    Pneumonia types: causes, symptoms and treatment

    Pneumonia is a serious disease that continues to make victims all over the world.

    Annually, it affects approximately 450 million people, representing 7% of the world population and causes 4 million deaths.

    In poor countries or in developing countries, it remains the first cause of mortality among children.

    Pneumonia is an inflammation of the lungs, most often caused by an infection with bacteria or viruses. The disease is especially dangerous when the immune system is weakened. In rare cases, pneumonia is given by a fungal infection (fungus or mushrooms) or parasitic.

    The most common symptoms include:

    – A productive cough (seen with a frequency of 79% -91%);

    – Fatigue (frequency 90%);

    – Fever accompanied by chills (71-75% frequency);

    – heavy breathing with rhythm changes (dyspnoea – frequency of 67-75%);

    – Sputum (frequency of 60-65%);

    – Chest pain or as sharp twinges during deep inspiration (frequency of 39-49%).

    – Confusion, among the most important signs in the elderly patients.

    Worst symptoms may include:

    – Bluish discoloration of the skin caused by insufficient oxygenation of the body;

    – Diminished thirst;

    – Convulsions;

    – Persistent vomiting;

    – Extreme temperatures;

    – Decreased level of consciousness.

    Pneumonia is manifested both in collectivities (at work, in nurseries, schools, and kindergartens), but can be contracted and at home, being caused by infection with common microorganisms.

    Fortunately, this type of pneumonia is evolving favorably in most cases. Thanks to antibiotic treatment, mortality is low: less than 1% of cases treated at home and in 3% of cases treated in hospital.

    Not the same can be said about nosocomial pneumonia, occurring in the hospital. These are caused by gram-negative bacteria, some very aggressive and highly resistant to antibiotics.

    Nearly half of patients who are hospitalized pneumonia die from complications of the disease. Most infections are caused by MRSA (Staphylococcus aureus).

    Pneumonia caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosin and Acinetobacter are the worst, mortality being extremely high (up to 70%).

    1 Bacterial Pneumonia

    It is the most common type of pneumonia and is caused by infection with staphylococcus, streptococci, pneumococcal bacilli and other bacteria, more or less dangerous. It is treated with antibiotics to which the bacteria responsible for the disease are sensitive.

    Gram-negative bacteria pneumonia is the most dangerous of all because these microorganisms are highly resistant to most antibiotics.

    Here are the most aggressive types of gram-negative cases of pneumonia:

    – Pseudomonas pneumonia bacillus (Pseudomonas aeruginosin) occurs in ICU. Sources of respiratory infection can be equipment, cleaning solutions, disinfectants, sinks, vegetables, flower pots, basins endoscopes, and physiotherapy etc. Following antibiotic prescribing antibiotic test results.

    – Staphylococcal pneumonia caused by MRSA (Staphylococcus aureus), has a mortality between 15-40%. Pulmonary infection can give gangrene (necrotizing pneumonia) and sepsis with a fatal prognosis.

    – Psittacosis or “parrot fever”, is a rare type of pneumonia caused by Chlamydia psittaci, a bacterium transmitted by birds. Illness is considered employees of zoos, pet shops, farmers or farmers. In severe cases, untreated on time, mortality can reach 30%.

    – “Legionnaires’ disease” is caused by the bacterium Legionella pneuma- Hilla. About 20% of those infected die from complications.

    2 Viral Pneumonia

    It is caused by influenza viruses and parainfluenza, rhinovirus, coronavirus, adenovirus, hantavirus, or varicella-zoster virus. Treated with antiviral drugs and in most cases can be prevented by annual influenza vaccination and Pneumococcal polysaccharide.

    3 Fungal pneumonia

    It is a rare type of pneumonia that affects only people with weakened immune systems such as people with HIV / AIDS or cancer patients with autoimmune diseases, drug users or people who have had a transplant.

    Among the most aggressive fungus that causes fungal pneumonia include Pneumocystis caring. Mortality is 90-100% in untreated cases and drops to 50% in cases where it follows an antifungal treatment.

    4 Parasitic Pneumonia

    Among parasitic organisms that trigger pneumonia is Entamoeba histolytic and Paragonimus Westerman. Left untreated, the infection leads to lung abscess (pus formation sacks), or affect the central nervous system.

    5 Aspiration pneumonia

    It is a type of pneumonia by the chemical damage that occurs after inhaling foreign material (usually food, liquids, vomit or fluid) through the mouth or other airways leading to the lungs.

    It is favored by swallowing disorders (swallowing) such as gastroesophageal reflux disease, endotracheal intubation, anesthesia, strokes, seizures or acute alcohol intoxication.

    6 Pneumonia Congenital

    It occurs in newborns in the first 24 hours after birth and is caused by congenital abnormalities of the respiratory tract. These facilitate the creation, expansion, and evolution of infections that lead to inflammation of the alveoli.

    7 Ventilation Pneumonia

    It is a complication that occurs in 30% of patients intubated, who are in ICU. Begins after at least 48 hours after endotracheal intubation or tracheostomy after achieving.

    Intubation affects physiological mechanisms of defense oropharynx and trachea against gram-negative, hence the onset. Mortality is between 30% and 76%, depending on the aggressiveness of the microorganism that caused it.

    8 Idiopathic Interstitial Pneumonia

    It is a condition of unknown etymology, characterized by the diffuse interstitial lung and a varying degree of inflammation and fibrosis. Treatment consists of oxygen and transplantation in severe cases. Not prescribe medications.

    You have to follow the treatment prescribed by a doctor, but nutrition is equally important. To heal faster from this disease here is what foods you have to eat according to the video below:

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    How the Battle of Marathon changed the history of Europe

    How the Battle of Marathon changed the history of Europe


    The first concentrated and coordinated offensive of the East against Europe took place 2,500 years ago. Nearly 1 million warriors and many nations from the Middle East attacked the south of the old continent.

    West and East clashed repeatedly throughout history in ample offensives and counter-offensives.

    Near and Middle East nations set in motion by the Persian “King of Kings” stormed Hellas, which was guarded by phalanxes of the fragile Greek cities. The result was surprising. Actually at first glance, statistically comparing the two forces clashed, the Persian Empire was in a clear superiority. Anyway, the battle between Athens who were at the gates of Europe and the Persian Empire represents an important turning point in European history. A Persian victory at the Battle of Marathon would have permanently changed the culture and destiny of Europe.

    How the Battle of Marathon changed the history of Europe
    The Persian Empire at his maximum expansion. source: http://khanlearning.weebly.com/persian-empires.html

    Persian danger approaches the gates of Europe

    In the fifth century BC century, the Persian Empire was at the height of its power. Founded in the mid-sixth century by Cyrus the Great, Persia turns from a local power into an empire in three decades. Cyrus managed to overcome the resistance of the great powers of Mesopotamia, Assyrians or Babylonians as well. Practically after the fall of the Babylonian Empire, there was no power in the Middle East able to withstand the Persian threat. During Darius I, nicknamed “King of Kings” had one multiethnic empire, strong and well organized. An overwhelming force in Orient.

    Darius I had divided his huge empire that stretched from Asia Minor to India and close to China in the East, including Egypt and part of Arabia but the entire coastline of the Middle East in 20 satrapies or provinces led by satraps and military commanders able to raise huge armies when the “King of Kings” needed in his expeditions of conquest. These satraps were supervised by spies known as “the king’s ears”. The role of these spies was to report to the king if these local governors were stealing from taxes that had to pay or plotting against the king. The Capital city of Persepolis was a true marvel of the ancient world, architects, and artists from all over the empire were brought here to help raise the city.

    Even during the reign of Cyrus, the Persians have reached to the gates of Europe, conquering Lydia on the west coasts of Turkey today and the Greek Ionian cities in the same area. The next step was Europe itself. Beyond the Aegean were the Greek cities, which were ruled by tyrants, kings, and people. A highly advanced world in terms of economic and cultural progress and very divided at the same time. Even if there is a unity of language, culture, and religion, many Greek cities frequently not understood and wars took place between them. The most powerful and important cities in the state of V century were Athens, Sparta, Corinth, and Thebes. In the fifth century, however, supremacy in Greece was disputed by merchants, navigators and culture of the people of Athens and elite warriors from Sparta

    How the Battle of Marathon changed the history of Europe
    The Ionian Revolt source: http://sciencepole.com/ionian-revolt/

    The beginning of a war at the gates of Europe

    The clashes between Greece and in the Persian Empire start in the year 499 BC. Greek cities of Asia Minor rebelled against Darius. One of the leaders of the rebellion Aristagoras, the tyrant of Millet, try to obtain the support of the Greek city. Spartans refuse to provide military support to the Ionian revolt. Athens instead sent a fleet of 20 ships and Eretria sent five ships. In 498 BC the Ionians forces manage to destroy the city of Sardis, the ancient capital of Lydia. The Persians, in turn, retaliate and destroy all rebel cities. In 495 i.Hr, Millet is burned to the ground and the inhabitants are deported. Because Athens and Eretria have supported this rebellion, the two city-states become the next targets for Darius.

    Darius was driven both by a desire for revenge and the strategic plan, more ambitious, to subject all Greece to prevent future support cities in mainland Greece, for possible riots of the Ionians in Asia Minor.

    The formal pretext of the Persian expedition was revenge for the burning of the temple of the goddess Cybele in Sardis by an Athenian contingent that participated in the expedition in Asia Minor, to support the Ionians, in 498 BC.

    How the Battle of Marathon changed the history of Europe
    Immortals: the elite soldiers of the Persian army. source: http://www.ancient-origins.net/history/immortals-elite-army-persian-empire-never-grew-weak-002321

    Over 36 nations have invaded Greece

    Darius did not wait too long, he gave orders to all satrapies and gathered a huge army,consisting of soldiers and warriors from 36 nations, with additional mercenaries and a powerful fleet. Following the first wave of attack, led by general Mardonius, Thrace, and Macedonia are rapidly conquered. Attacked by a Thracian tribe, Mardonius is wounded and retreats in Asia Minor. Darius sent ambassadors in all greek city-states, demanding immediate obedience.Frightened the power of the great king, as shown by Herodotus in his famous “Histories”, most city-states surrendered without resistance. Sparta and Athens, the most powerful city-states in Greece executed the Persian ambassadors. A true invasion followed. First, in 490 it was small compared to what was to come a few years later. Darius sent 20,000 soldiers to the shores of Attica near Athens.

    In late August of the year 490 BC, the Persian fleet (around 600 ships) anchored in the bay of Marathon. Persian army is only 42 km from Athens, a place where the Persian cavalry advantage was eliminated. The strategy was that if they manage to attract the whole Athenian army on the plains of Marathon, the Persian fleet will be able to quickly occupy Phaleron port so that Athena could be conquered with the support of Peisistratids.

    At that introduce Greek soldiers in front of Persian infantry. “The dress of these troops consisted of the tiara or soft felt cap, embroidered tunic with sleeves, a coat of mail looking like the scales of a fish, and trousers; for arms they carried light wicker shields, quivers slung below them, short spears, powerful bows with cane arrows, and short swords swinging from belts beside the right thigh“ wrote Herodotus. The Persians also had dreaded heavily armed cavalry and archers elite. On the other side were Greek hoplites, a heavy infantry armed with huge and round shields , called Hoplon, arm guards and metal leggings. The hoplites also wore helmets. Phalanx fight in a tight formation, like a wall of shields and lances. They were a formidable force, highly trained and courageous.

    In front of 20,000 Persians, there were only 10,000 Athenian hoplites from Plataea 1000. Spartans promised military support for the Athenians, but because of religious traditions, the warriors sent arrived after the battle has ended. Athenians and Plataeans hoplites fought alone against the great Persian Empire.How the Battle of Marathon changed the history of Europe

    For several days the situation stagnates. The 10 generals who led the Greek forces were undecided about how the battle was going to unfold. Half of them wanted to avoid confrontation and await the arrival of the Spartan forces. The other half led by Miltiades wanted to leave positions and attack with full force the Persian troops. Finding out that Persians embarked their cavalry on ships, Miltiades manages to convince the generals that now is the time for the decisive fight.

    On the day of battle (September 12th according to sources) Greek forces are arranged in this way: on the left flank the Plataeans troops were ready for attack, the center of the front was led by Themistocles and Aristide, the right flank forces were led by Miltiades and Callimachus.

    The Persians could not believe what they saw. The Athenians forces had no cavalry nor archers. Their attack seemed a true act of suicide. But the Athenians continued to advance increasingly more rapidly.

    The Persian commanders aligned their troops. Warriors with lighter shields pass in front, while thousands of archers sit in a well-defined order, behind the front.

    Despite the speed with which the Athenians were coming to attack the Persians do not show any sense of fear or panic. They were professional fighters, winners of numerous bloody battles. The force coming towards them was something totally unique and unexpected, but nobody doubted that the hoplite attack will be repelled.

    In the first phase of the battle, the Persians almost managed to break through the center of the front, but the two flanks Greeks were able to overwhelm them, then returned against enemy winner at center and crushing it therefore through a classic pincer movement. It was a memorable victory for the entire military history.

    The battle was short and decisive, the Athenians managed to break the Persian lines. According to Herodotus, the Persians lost 6400 soldiers and seven ships which were burned by Athenian forces.

    Athenians losses were surprisingly small: Herodotus speaks of 192 deaths among Athenians and 11 of the allies come from Plataea. Among those killed in combat is Callimachus. They were buried in a common tumulus that today dominates the coastal plain of Marathon.

    The day after the victory of Miltiades, the Spartans forces, numbering 2000 fighters, arrived at Marathon. They arrived on the battlefield after a three-day forced march, hoping to take part in this fight. Once they saw the battlefield full of Persian corpses, the Spartans congratulated the Athenians for this great achievement and returned back to Lacedaemonia.

    However, the Persian danger has not disappeared. The remaining forces still hoped to conquer Athens, which was unprotected, with help from the partisans inside the city.

    Fortunately, hoplites led by Miltiades have managed to travel the long the distance between Marathon and Athens to prevent a new Persian invasion.

    Noticing that the Athenian troops are ready for a new battle, the Persians have decided to withdraw.

    The biggest army that invaded Europe

    What are the main consequences of the battle of Marathon? It is the first time a Persian force is defeated. Although the expedition is considered by many historians as being of little importance. The Battle of Marathon proved that the Persian army is not invincible. However, the loss of 6,400 warriors still did not mean a heavy blow to the Persians. This defeat was more a blow to the prestige of Darius. For the Athenian, Battle of Marathon is the beginning of a new era. This battle has propelled the city on top of the Greek city-states, Athens becomes the great rival Sparta. If the battle of Marathon was won by Persians most likely Greek culture would have ceased to exist.Why? Because Greece’s cultural development was a consequence of political freedom in Greek cities If the Persians managed to defeat the Athenians most likely Athenian democracy was going to be destroyed and Hippias, Pisistrates’s successor would have taken control of power.

    The Athenian victory brought to an ephemeral peace in Greece. Darius planned revenge for the defeat at Marathon, but his death in 486 BC and a revolt in Egypt because of high taxes has delayed a new invasion of Greece. In 481, Xerxes, Darius’s successor, consolidates its rule and resumed plans for the submission of Greece.

    According to Herodotus, Xerxes has managed to assemble an army of 2.5 million soldiers, warriors, and mercenaries from all over the empire, an impossible figure for that period.

    Modern historians say that this force is logistically impossible. Many experts say 200,000 people is a more realistic figure. However, a huge figure for those days. This army crossed over a pontoon bridge in the Hellespont and turned in 480 in Thrace and Macedonia.

    And this time the Persian forces were defeated in the famous battles of Thermopylae, Salamis, Plataea, and Mycale.



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    38 photos that prove Vladimir Putin can do anything

    38 photos that prove Vladimir Putin can do anything

    Vladimir Putin is undoubtedly one of the most important leaders of the moment. After the events in Ukraine and Syria,the  Russian President’s popularity remains very high. Why Putin’s popularity is at this level? Part of the popularity is due to his actions and nationalist propaganda. Also, hobbies and other activities have helped create the image of a  powerful leader, capable of doing everything. Here are 38 photos that prove Vladimir Putin can do everything:

    1 Putin likes to be portrayed as a lumberjack / warrior. Here he is an expedition in Siberia, Khakasiya region in 2010.

    Vladimir Putin 2 For 16 years, Vladimir Putin, worked as a KGB agent, so he knows how to shoot with all kinds of weapons. In 1991, he withdrew from the secret service and began his political career.

    Vladimir Putin 3 Vladimir Putin trains with an assault rifle simulator.

    Vladimir Putin 4 Putin during a meeting with the motorcycle enthusiast in Crimea. As you can see he knows how to drive a Harley Davidson.

    Vladimir Putin5 Putin likes speed. During a test drive with an F1 car in Leningrad Region, he managed to reach a maximum speed of 240 km/h.

    Vladimir Putin 6 Putin and Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev ride a snowmobile.

    Vladimir Putin 7 Vladimir Putin also led, the Russian team, in “friendly” hockey match against Finland. Here the President of Finland, Sauli Niinistö, receives ice skates as a gift from Putin.

    Vladimir Putin8

    Vladimir Putin 9 In case you did not know Putin is a martial arts expert. The President of Russia holds a sixth-degree Judo black belt and a second degree in Kyokushin Kaikan Karate.

    Vladimir Putin 10 He even wrote a book about judo.

    Vladimir Putin book about judo 11 But Putin is not always in the arena. Here he arbitrates a match of arm wrestling.

    Vladimir Putin 12 Vladimir Putin while swimming in a lake in Siberia. Swimming in a freezing lake is a normal activity in Russia.

    Vladimir Putin 13 Putin likes to relax on a fishing party.

    Vladimir Putin 14 Probably the favorite hobby of Russian President Vladimir Putin is hunting.

    Vladimir Putin 15 In 2008, Putin participated in a tiger hunt for scientific purposes. The hunting was part of a science expedition. Tracking devices were attached to the animals that were caught.

    Vladimir Putin 16 During this expedition, he managed to shoot a tiger with a tranquilizer dart.

    Vladimir Putin17 Here Vladimir Putin attaches a tracking device on a polar bear, that weighs 230 kg.

    Vladimir Putin ataching tracking collar 18 Vladimir Putin visits the Primorsky aquarium

    Vladimir Putin 19 Vladimir Putin shoots a gray whale, an endangered species, with a crossbow, from a motorboat to help researchers to attach a tracking device to the animal.

    Vladimir Putin shooting crossbow 20 He even participated in an underwater expedition to explore historical wrecks of Russia.

    Vladimir Putin in a submarine 21 Here Putin is visiting an agricultural exposition. Wonder why he is staring at the chick.

    22 Vladimir Putin during an expedition in Siberia.

    23 Putin feeds a whale (beluga).

    Vladimir Putin 24 Shortly after, he attached a tracking device on her back.

    Vladimir Putin 25 Nothing is impossible for Putin. A flight with a motorized hang glider does not represent an obstacle.